The impact of maternal obesity on the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in high-risk term pregnancies.
ABSTRACT We investigated the impact of maternal obesity on pregnancy outcomes. Women with normal or obese body mass index (BMI) who delivered singleton infants at term were identified from a perinatal database. Rates of pregnancy complications and neonatal outcomes were compared between women with normal prepregnancy BMI (20 to 24.9 kg/m (2), N = 9171) and those with an obese prepregnancy BMI (> or = 30, N = 3744). Rates of pregnancy complications and neonatal outcomes were also evaluated by the level of obesity (obese [30 to 34.9 kg/m (2), N = 2106], severe obesity [35 to 39.9 kg/m (2), N = 953], and morbid obesity [> or = 40 kg/m (2), N = 685]). Rates of gestational diabetes (12.0% versus 3.7%, P < 0.001, odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 3.5 [3.0, 4.1]) and gestational hypertension (30.9% versus 9.0%, P < 0.001, odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 4.5 [4.1, 5.0]) were higher for obese versus normal BMI gravidas, respectively. Women with morbid or severe obesity had a greater incidence of gestational diabetes than women with an obese (30 to 34.9 kg/m (2)) or normal BMI (14.1%, 16.4%, 9.6%, and 3.7%, respectively; P < 0.05). The incidence of gestational hypertension increased with maternal BMI (9.0% normal, 25.5% obese, 33.7% severe, 43.4% morbid; all pairwise comparisons P < 0.05). Obese versus normal BMI was associated with more higher-level nursery admissions (8.2% versus 5.8%) and large-for-gestational age infants (12.3% versus 6.5%; P < 0.001). Obesity places a term pregnancy at risk for adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.
- Nursing in Critical Care 03/2012; 17(2):62-3. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective: To describe pregnancies with severe fetal heart defects (CHD) with respect to perinatal complications and management. To discuss epigenetic factors with respect to maternal body mass index (BMI) and assisted reproduction treatment (ART). Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis in a single centre for prenatal diagnostics. Data were collected with respect to pre- and postnatal diagnoses of CHD, preterm labour and deliveries, maternal risk factors and postnatal outcome. Results: Between 2009 and 2011 we treated 116 patients with severe fetal heart defects. Prenatal diagnoses were: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) in 50 fetuses (43.1 %), conotruncal heart defects (CTM) in 43 (37.1 %), atrial ventricular septal defects in eight cases (7.8%).There were 11 (9.9%) twin pregnancies. Premature labour occurred in 11.2%, premature deliveries 12.9%. Nine pregnancies (7.8%) were achieved by assisted reproduction treatment (ART). A body mass index (BMI) > 25 occurred in 54.3% with 3% morbid obesity. Advanced maternal age >35 was found in 33.5%. Accuracy of the prenatal diagnosis was 97%. Conclusions: Patients with ART pregnancies may be referred to fetal echocardiography. Maternal obesity poses a diagnostic problem, the incidence of CTM may be higher due to epigenetic factors. This requires further studies. As premature labour and delivery is a frequent complication, perinatal management of these pregnancies must be reserved to specialized centers.The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 06/2012; · 1.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Overweight/obesity in women of childbearing age is a serious public-health problem. In China, the incidence of maternal overweight/obesity has been increasing. However, there is not a meta-analysis to determine if pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) is related to infant birth weight (BW) and offspring overweight/obesity. Three electronic bibliographic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL) were searched systematically from January 1970 to November 2012. The dichotomous data on pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity and BW or offspring overweight/obesity were extracted. Summary statistics (odds ratios, ORs) were used by Review Manager, version 5.1.7. After screening 665 citations from three electronic databases, we included 45 studies (most of high or medium quality). Compared with normal-weight mothers, pre-pregnancy underweight increased the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) (odds ratios [OR], 1.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.76-1.87); low BW (OR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.27-1.71). Pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity increased the risk of being large for gestational age (LGA) (OR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.44-1.63; and OR, 2.08; 95% CI; 1.95-2.23), high BW (OR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.44-1.63; and OR, 2.00; 95% CI; 1.84-2.18), macrosomia (OR, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.42-1.97; and OR, 3.23; 95% CI, 2.39-4.37), and subsequent offspring overweight/obesity (OR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.77-2.13; and OR, 3.06; 95% CI, 2.68-3.49), respectively. Sensitivity analyses revealed that sample size, study method, quality grade of study, source of pre-pregnancy BMI or BW had a strong impact on the association between pre-pregnancy obesity and LGA. No significant evidence of publication bias was observed. Pre-pregnancy underweight increases the risk of SGA and LBW; pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity increases the risk of LGA, HBW, macrosomia, and subsequent offspring overweight/obesity. A potential effect modification by maternal age, ethnicity, gestational weight gain, as well as the role of gestational diseases should be addressed in future studies.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(4):e61627. · 3.73 Impact Factor