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    ABSTRACT: High resolution 1H NMR has been applied to monitor the changes in the composition of natural mango juice subjected to spoilage and to microbial contamination with Penicillium expansum. A vast number of compounds undergoing changes upon these processes have been identified and their variations followed throughout time (132 h). Besides the formation of typical fermentation products (e.g. acetate, lactic acid, acetoin and isopropanol/2,3-butanediol) and the utilization of the major sugars (sucrose, glucose and fructose), there were changes in organic acids (e.g. decreases of quinic and shikimic acids with formation of 3,4,5-trihydroxycyclohexane acid in spoiled juice, and decreases of citric and malic acids in contaminated juice), amino acids (decreases of alanine, leucine, isoleucine and valine), and less abundant components such as oligosaccharides and aromatic compounds. The possibility of using these changes as early indicators of natural spoilage or P. expansum contamination is discussed.
    Food Chemistry. 01/2006;
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    ABSTRACT: Morphologically distinct yeast colonies from partially and fully processed fruits and vegetables were isolated over a 3-year period. Identification of 239 strains was achieved by using standard methods, commercial identification kits (API 20C and API YEAST-IDENT), and a simplified system for food-borne yeasts. The identified strains of fruit origin represented 36 species belonging to 19 genera. Among strains of vegetable origin, 34 species representing 17 genera were identified. The simplified identification system and the conventional method provided the same results in 80% of the cases. The commercial identification kits were easy to use but were not appropriate for food-borne yeast species. Computer-assisted identification was helpful.
    Applied and Environmental Microbiology 05/1991; 57(4):1207-12. · 3.68 Impact Factor
  • Yeats associated with fruit juice concentrates. T Deak, L R Beuchat . 777-782.

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