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    ABSTRACT: Transanal endorectal pull-through (TEPT) has drastically changed the treatment of Hirschsprung's disease (HD). A short follow-up of children submitted to TEPT reveals results that are similar to the classic transabdominal pull-through procedures. However, few reports compare the late results of TEPT with transabdominal pull-through procedures with respect to complication rates and the fecal continence. The aims of the present work are to describe some technical refinements that we introduced in the procedure and to compare the short and long-term outcome of TEPT with the outcomes of a group of patients with HD who previously underwent the Duhamel procedure. Thirty-five patients who underwent TEPT were prospectively studied and compared to a group of 29 patients who were treated with colostomy followed by a classical Duhamel pull-through. The main modifications introduced in the TEPT group were no preoperative colon preparation, operation conducted under general anesthesia in addition to regional sacral anesthesia, use of only one purse-string suture in the rectal mucosa before transanal submucosal dissection, and no use of retractors and electrocautery during the submucosal dissection. The most frequent early complications of TEPT group were perineal dermatitis (22.8%) and anastomotic strictures (8.6%). The comparison with patients who underwent Duhamel procedure revealed no difference in the incidence of preoperative enterocolitis, the patients of the TEPT group were younger at the time of diagnosis and of surgery, they had shorter operating times, and they began oral feeding more quickly after the operation. The incidence of wound infection was lower in the TEPT group. Moreover, the TEPT and Duhamel groups showed no difference in the incidences of mortality, postoperative partial continence, and total incontinence. Although the incidences of complete continence and postoperative enterocolitis were not different, a tendency to the increased incidence in the TEPT group was observed. This study further supports the technical advantages, the simplicity, and the decreased incidence of complications of a primary TEPT procedure when compared to a classical form of pull-through. Some technical refinements are described, and no preoperative colon preparation was necessary for the patients studied here. The results show that the long-term outcomes of the modified TEPT procedure are generally better than those obtained with classical approaches.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 05/2009; 44(4):767-72. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to compare laparoscopy-assisted pull-through (LPT) and open pull-through (OPT) for Hirschsprung's disease with special reference to postoperative fecal continence. Thirteen OPT patients (1991-1996) were reviewed retrospectively, and 22 LPT (1997-2002) were reviewed prospectively. A continence evaluation questionnaire (CEQ, max score = 10) assessing frequency of motions, severity of staining, severity of perianal erosions, anal shape, and requirement for medications was used. Severity of staining was graded as none = 2, occasional = 1.5, often = 1, always = 0.5, and soiling = 0, and severity of staining less than or equal to 1 was defined as moderate to severe incontinence. Presence of fever (peak and duration), raised white cell count (>10,000/microL), and C-reactive protein (>0.3 mg/dL) were used to assess surgical stress. Pull-through was endorectal in all cases. Mean age at pull-through was not statistically different between the 2 groups. Annual CEQ scores for 7 years after LPT were 6.3, 6.9, 7.3, 7.7, 8.3, 8.9, and 9.0, and after OPT were 5.6, 6.4, 7.0, 7.5, 7.8, 8.3, and 8.4. Although CEQ scores were higher after LPT throughout, the difference was not statistically significant. The incidence of moderate to severe incontinence after 4 years was 54% (7/13) for OPT and 23% (5/22) for LPT, and after 6 years, it was 23% (3/13) for OPT and 0% for LPT. Duration/peak of raised C-reactive protein and duration of fever were significantly less for LPT (P < .01). Our results suggest that LPT is less invasive and may provide better postoperative bowel management compared with OPT.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 12/2007; 42(12):2071-4. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, results, and cost-effectiveness of totally transanal endorectal pull-through (TEPT) in the management of rectosigmoid and midsigmoid Hirschsprung's disease (HD) in a low-income country. Between March 2004 and December 2005, 19 children underwent totally TEPT procedure. The patients' ages ranged from 6 days to 13 years. The primary diagnosis in all 19 patients was HD confined to the rectosigmoid region in 15 and midsigmoid in 4. None had a preoperative colostomy. Follow-up period ranged from 4 to 20 months (mean, 8 months). Ages ranged from 0.25 to 65 months, with a mean of 16.24 months. Weights ranged from 3.4 to 13 kg, with a mean of 6.5 kg. Mean time from diagnosis to pull-through procedure was 26 days (range, 6-39 days). The mean length of rectosigmoid resection was 30 cm (range, 20-50 cm). The mean operative time was 95 minutes (range, 75-140 minutes). Mean intraoperative blood loss was 25 mL (range, 15-40 mL). There was one death unrelated to the procedure. One patient had enterocolitis 3 months postoperatively. Average frequency of defecation was 3 (range, 1-6) stools per day. TEPT was associated with a shorter operating time, less blood loss, early return to feeds, and an overall reduced cost. The safety and cost-effective benefits of transanal endorectal pull-through in the treatment of HD are of special interest for a developing country. Our data also suggest that functional outcome following TEPT is highly satisfactory and comparable with other established procedures.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 04/2007; 42(3):532-5. · 1.38 Impact Factor

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