The effects of acrylamide on brain creatine kinase: inhibition kinetics and computational docking simulation.
ABSTRACT The occurrence of acrylamide is frequently observed in processed foods. Therefore, the harmful effects of acrylamide on metabolic enzymes are important to understand. We studied the inhibitory effects of acrylamide on the brain creatine kinase (CK-BB). We found that CK-BB was kinetically inactivated by acrylamide accompanied by the disruption of the hydrophobic surface. Acrylamide mainly interacted with the thiol (-SH) residue of CK-BB and resulted in alkylation. A computational docking simulation supported that acrylamide directly bound to the active site of CK-BB where cysteine and glycine residues interacted mainly. The inhibition kinetics combined with computational prediction can be useful in order to have insights into the mechanisms regarding environmentally hazardous factors at the molecular level.
- SourceAvailable from: InTech09/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-629-4
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ABSTRACT: Acrylamide is widely used worldwide in industry and it can also be produced by the cooking and processing of foods. It is harmful to human beings, and human brain CK (HBCK) has been proposed to be one of the important targets of acrylamide. In this research, we studied the effects of acrylamide on HBCK activity, structure and the potential binding sites. Compared to CKs from rabbit, HBCK was fully inactivated at several-fold lower concentrations of acrylamide, and exhibited distinct properties upon acrylamide-induced inactivation and structural changes. The binding sites of acrylamide were located at the cleft between the N- and C-terminal domains of CK, and Glu232 was one of the key binding residues. The effects of acrylamide on CK were proposed to be isoenzyme- and species-specific, and the underlying molecular mechanisms were discussed.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 10/2009; 10(10):4210-22. · 2.46 Impact Factor