Correlation of C-reactive protein with survival and radiographic response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
ABSTRACT This study was conducted to assess the prognostic role of regular measurements of C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with advanced-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) during platinum-based first-line therapy.
A total of 210 patients were retrospectively analyzed regarding CRP values, infections, histological type, stage, performance status, gender, age, body mass index and survival. Additionally, in 88 of these patients, changes of CRP values were correlated with response to chemotherapy by radiographic imaging.
Elevation of CRP prior to the first cycle was an adverse prognostic factor for overall survival. Comparing CRP values before and after 2 cycles correlated with response and identified patient groups with a remarkable difference of overall survival (18.8 vs. 7.5 months). Normalization of CRP was associated with a low risk for progression, whereas patients with an increase of CRP values of more than 25% showed a progressive disease in most cases. Besides performance status, no correlation of CRP with other clinical data was found.
Measurement of CRP before initiation and during a platinum-based chemotherapy can provide prognostic information for the individual patient with advanced NSCLC and is able to support or even replace assessment of response by radiographic imaging in defined situations.
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ABSTRACT: Epidemiologic findings are inconsistent concerning the associations between C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and lung cancer risk. We conducted a meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies to examine these associations. A systematic literature search up to October 2011 was performed in MEDLINE and EMBASE. Study-specific risk estimates were pooled using a random-effects model. The 10 studies on CRP involved a total of 1918 lung cancer cases. The pooled RR of lung cancer for one unit change in natural logarithm (ln) CRP was 1.28 (95% CI 1.17-1.41). There was no statistically significant heterogeneity among studies (P = 0.116; I(2) = 36.6%). We also found that CRP was significantly associated with increased risk of lung cancer among men (RR 1.18, 95% CI 1.09-1.28) but not among women. The 5 studies on IL-6 involved a total of 924 lung cancer cases. The pooled RR of lung cancer for one unit change in ln IL-6 was 1.28 (95% CI 0.92-1.79), however, statistically significant heterogeneity was found. After excluding the study contributing most to the heterogeneity, the summary estimate was essentially unchanged. CRP was associated with increased risk of lung cancer, especially among men. There was no significant association between IL-6 and lung cancer risk.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(8):e43075. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We examined patients with advanced nonsquamous, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to evaluate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) for their associations with response to gefitinib therapy and for prognostic impacts. Serum levels of CRP from 79 Japanese patients with advanced nonsquamous NSCLC were measured before the start of gefitinib. We used the peptic nucleic acid-locked nucleic acid clamp method to determine their EGFR somatic mutation status. We evaluated the relationship between each independent clinicopathological variable and the response to gefitinib therapy and the risk factors associated with prognosis. Having CRP-positive serum and having wild-type EGFR were both independent negative predictive factors for the response to gefitinib treatment by multivariate logistic regression model analysis. Having CRP-positive serum and having wild-type EGFR were significant independent negative prognostic factors for survival based on multivariate analysis. Having CRP-positive serum predicted a lack of response to gefitinib therapy independent of EGFR mutational status. Both CRP-positive serum and wild-type EGFR were independent poor prognostic factors in patients with nonsquamous NSCLC who received gefitinib therapy.Oncology 03/2011; 79(5-6):355-62. · 2.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with poor prognosis in several tumor types. The purpose of this study was to investigate serum CRP as a prognostic marker in small cell lung cancer (SCLC). The pretreatment serum CRP level was measured in 157 newly diagnosed SCLC patients, and correlation between serum CRP level and other clinical parameters was analyzed. Multivariate analyses were performed to find prognostic markers using Cox's proportional hazards model. The initial CRP concentration was within the normal range in 72 (45.9%) patients and elevated in 85 (54.1%) patients. There was a significant correlation between serum CRP level and the extent of disease (p<0.001), weight loss (p=0.029) and chest radiation (p=0.001). Median overall survival (OS) in the normal CRP group was significantly longer than with the high CRP group (22.5 months vs. 11.2 months, p<0.001). Extent of disease (p<0.001), age (p=0.025), and performance status (p<0.001) were additional prognostic factors on univariate analysis. On multivariate analysis, elevated serum CRP level was an independent prognostic factor for poor survival (HR=1.8; p=0.014), regardless of the extent of disease (HR=3.7; p<0.001) and performance status (HR=2.2; p<0.001). High level of CRP was an independent poor prognostic serum marker in addition to previously well-known prognosticators in patients with SCLC.Yonsei medical journal 01/2012; 53(1):111-7. · 0.77 Impact Factor