Article

Accidental Overdose of Intrathecal Cytarabine in Children (May).

< Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas at Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.
Annals of Pharmacotherapy (Impact Factor: 2.92). 04/2013; 47(5). DOI: 10.1345/aph.1S028
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:To report 2 cases of intrathecal cytarabine overdose in children with cancer, neither of whom underwent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) exchange per current recommendations or developed apparent toxicity related to the event.CASE SUMMARY:A 17-year-old female with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia received 177 mg of intrathecal cytarabine rather than the appropriate dose of 70 mg. She was monitored closely with no apparent toxicity from the event. A 4-year-old boy with newly diagnosed precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia received 175 mg of intrathecal cytarabine rather than the appropriate dose of 70 mg. CSF was immediately withdrawn and intrathecal hydrocortisone was instilled for possible antiinflammatory effect. He developed no apparent toxicity from the event.DISCUSSION:Cytarabine is an important chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of leukemia. One case report of intrathecal cytarabine overdose was identified in the literature, which recommended CSF exchange as management. Neither child in our report underwent CSF exchange or developed apparent toxicity related to the event. Institutional changes were made in both cases to prevent similar events.CONCLUSIONS:These cases demonstrate that measures such as CSF exchange are not uniformly required for cytarabine overdose.

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