External validation of existing formulas to predict the risk of developing proliferative vitreoretinopathy: The retina 1 project; Report 5

*IOBA (Eye Institute), University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) (Impact Factor: 3.24). 04/2013; 33(8). DOI: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e31828991ea
Source: PubMed


To externally validate the accuracy of previously published formulas for predicting proliferative vitreoretinopathy development after retinal detachment surgery.

Clinical variables from consecutive retinal detachment patients (n = 1,047) were collected from the Retina 1 Project conducted in 17 Spanish and Portuguese centers. These data were used for external validation of four previously published formulas, F1 to F4. Receiver-operating characteristic curves were used to validate the quality of formulas, and measures of discrimination, precision, and calibration were calculated for each. Concordance among the formulas was determined by Cohen kappa index.

The areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves were as follows: F1, 0.5809; F2, 0.5398; F3, 0.5964; and F4, 0.4617. F1 had the highest accuracy, 74.21%. Almost 19% of proliferative vitreoretinopathy cases were correctly classified by F1 compared with 13%, 15%, and 10% for F2, F3, and F4, respectively. There was moderate concordance between F2 and F3 but little between the other formulas.

After external validation, none of the formulas were accurate enough for routine clinical use. To increase its usefulness, other factors besides the clinical ones considered here should be incorporated into future formulas for predicting risk of developing proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

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    ABSTRACT: During the last four decades, proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) has defied the efforts of many researchers to prevent its occurrence or development. Thus, PVR is still the major complication following retinal detachment (RD) surgery and a bottle-neck for advances in cell therapy that require intraocular surgery. In this review we tried to combine basic and clinical knowledge, as an example of translational research, providing new and practical information for clinicians. PVR was defined as the proliferation of cells after RD. This idea was used for classifying PVR and also for designing experimental models used for testing many drugs, none of which were successful in humans. We summarize current information regarding the pathogenic events that follow any RD because this information may be the key for understanding and treating the earliest stages of PVR. A major focus is made on the intraretinal changes derived mainly from retinal glial cell reactivity. These responses can lead to intraretinal PVR, an entity that has not been clearly recognized. Inflammation is one of the major components of PVR, and we describe new genetic biomarkers that have the potential to predict its development. New treatment approaches are analyzed, especially those directed towards neuroprotection, which can also be useful for preventing visual loss after any RD. We also summarize the results of different surgical techniques and clinical information that is oriented toward the identification of high risk patients. Finally, we provide some recommendations for future classification of PVR and for designing comparable protocols for testing new drugs or techniques. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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