Prognostic factors predicting ischemic wound healing following hyperbaric oxygenation therapy
ABSTRACT Identifying patients who benefit from hyperoxygenation therapy is important, because treatment is time-consuming and involves high costs and complications (minor). Our objective was to develop a model for predicting therapy outcome based on population of patients with and without diabetes. A retrospective cohort study was carried out in a major hospital in Israel. All 385 patients treated between 1/1/1998 and 1/1/2007 for ischemic nonhealing lower extremities wounds were included. Data on medical history, demographic, transcutaneous oximetry, wounds, treatment, and outcome characteristics were collected. Eight factors were identified to optimally predict wound healing: (1) number of hyperbaric oxygenation treatments (odds ratio [OR] = 1.034, p < 0.001), (2) transcutaneous oximetry values at hyperbaric conditions (OR = 1.001, p = 0.019), (3) wound duration (OR = 0.988, p = 0.022), (4) absence of heart disease (OR = 3.304, p < 0.001), (5) being employed (OR = 3.16, p = 0.008), (6) low socioeconomic status (OR = 2.50, p = 0.004), (7a) good/partial granulation wound appearance (OR = 2.73, p = 0.022), (7b) wounds covered with fibrin (OR = 3.16, p = 0.015), and (8) absence of anemia (OR = 2.13, p = 0.016). The model's sensitivity is 78.7%, specificity is 62.9%, and accuracy is 71.8%. We suggest using our model as an adjunct to patients' clinical evaluation. Also, we recommend initiating hyperoxygenation therapy no later than 2 months after wound appearance.
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ABSTRACT: We investigated whether -intermittent hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy can mitigate the adverse effects of cigarette smoking on the bone healing of tibial lengthening by using a previously validated rabbit model. Eighteen male rabbits were randomly divided into three groups of six animals each. Group 1 (smoking plus HBO) went through intermittent cigarette smoke inhalation and hyperbaric oxygen therapy, group 2 (control) did not go through intermittent cigarette smoke inhalation or hyperbaric oxygen therapy and group 3 (smoking) went through intermittent cigarette smoke inhalation. Each animal's right tibia was lengthened 5 mm by using an uniplanar lengthening device. Bone mineral density (BMD) study was performed for all the animals at 1 day before operation and 3, 4, 5, and 6 weeks after operation. All of the animals were killed at 6 weeks postoperatively for biomechanical testing. By using the preoperative BMD as an internal control, we found that the BMD of group 1 (smoking plus HBO)and group 2 (control) was superior to that of group 3 (smoking). The mean %BMD at 3, 4, 5, and 6 weeks were 58.6%, 66.6%, 73.7%, and 83.8%, respectively, in group 1, whereas the mean %BMD were 52.0%, 64.3%, 70.1%, and 76.2%, respectively, in group 2, and the mean %BMD were 46.2%, 54.0%, 64.9%, and 69.4%, respectively, in group 3 (two-tailed t test, p > 0.05, p > 0.05, p > 0.05, and p < 0.05 at 3, 4, 5, and 6 week respectively between group 1 and group 2, p < 0.01,p < 0.01,p < 0.01, and p < 0.01 at 3, 4, 5, and 6 week, respectively, between group 1 and group 3 and p < 0.05, p < 0.05, p < 0.05, and p < 0.05 at 3, 4, 5, and 6 week respectively between group 2 and group 3). By using the contralateral nonoperated tibia as an internal control, we found that the torsional strength of group 1 (smoking plus HBO) and group 2 (control) was superior to that of group 3 (smoking). The mean percentage of maximum torque was 80.9% in group 1 (smoking plus HBO) and was 78.0% in group 2 (control), whereas the mean percentage of maximum torque was 59.6 % in group 3 (smoking) (two-tailed t test, p < 0.05 between groups land 3 and between groups 2 and 3, whereas p > 0.05 between groups 1 and 2). This study suggests that smoke inhalation delays the bone healing in tibial lengthening; however, HBO mitigates the delayed healing effect of smoke inhalation and, thus, helps the smoking animal in achieving an expeditious bone healing in tibial lengthening.The Journal of trauma 11/1999; 47(4):752-9. DOI:10.1097/00005373-199910000-00023 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: From 1990 to 1993, 115 diabetic patients were consecutively hospitalized in our diabetologic unit for foot ulcer and 27 (23.5%) major amputations were carried out. The major amputation rate of this series of cases was compared with that occurring in diabetic subjects taken into our hospital for foot ulcer in two previous periods: 1979-1981 (17 major amputations in 42 inpatients or 40.5%) and 1986-1989 (26 major amputations in 78 inpatients or 33.3%). The comparison shows a progressive reduction in major amputation rate [Odds ratio 0.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.46-0.96]. Univariate and multivariate analysis, carried out in the population of the 1990-1993 period, in order to detect the independent factors associated with major amputation show the following prognostic determinants of major amputation: Wagner grade (odds ratio 7.69, CI 1.58-37.53), prior stroke (odds ratio 35.05, CI 3.14-390.53), prior major amputation (odds ratio 3.49, CI 1.26-9.38), transcutaneous oxygen level (odds ratio 1.06, CI 1.01-1.12), and ankle-brachial blood pressure index (odds ratio 4.35, CI 1.58-12.05), while an independent protective role was attributed to hyperbaric oxygen treatment (odds ratio 0.15, CI 0.03-0.64). In accordance with other studies, we, therefore, conclude that a comprehensive protocol as well as a multidisciplinary approach in a dedicated center can assure a decrease in major amputation rate. The parameters of limb perfusion were the modifiable prognostic determinants most strongly predictive for amputation.Journal of Diabetes and its Complications 03/1998; 12(2):96-102. DOI:10.1016/S1056-8727(97)98004-1 · 3.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although hyperbaric oxygen therapy to treat diabetic foot lesions has been approved for insurance reimbursement in Taiwan, its clinical application has not yet been well accepted. This study evaluated multiple healing predictive factors in patients with diabetic foot infections to determine the usefulness of adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen in the treatment of such patients. From March 1995 to May 1996, we treated 31 diabetic patients presenting with infected foot lesions with a regimen of adequate metabolic control, frequent wound debridement and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Age, gender, leukocyte count, total lymphocyte count, hemoglobin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), c-reactive protein (CRP), glycosylated hemoglobin Alc (HbAlc), albumin, ankle-brachial index, types of bacterial cultures and number of debridements were compared between successful and failed treatments. Independent t-test and Fisher's exact test were used to identify the prognostic factors associated with outcome of treatment. The mean age of the patients was 63.0 +/- 9.7 years (range 43 to 81). The mean number of hyperbaric oxygen therapies was 35.3 +/- 21.8 treatments (range 5 to 83). Of the 31 patients, 6 received below knee amputation, and 25 had their foot preserved or achieved a lower level of amputation. Elevated leukocyte count and low ankle-brachial index were significantly related to poor outcome. In the treatment of diabetic foot infection, adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen therapy seems to be a useful tool to enhance wound healing provided that there are preserved circulation and controlled infection.