Colorectal cancer surgery in portal hypertensive patients: does adjuvant oxaliplatin affect prognosis?
ABSTRACT : Oxaliplatin is used in adjuvant treatment of colorectal cancer and is associated with sinusoidal obstruction syndrome. Few data are available on its effects in patients in whom portal hypertension was diagnosed before cancer treatment.
: Our aim was to investigate short- and long-term outcomes of surgery for colorectal cancer in patients with portal hypertension with or without cirrhosis, particularly regarding effects of adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin.
: This was a prospective cohort study performed at an academic medical center.
: Patients with stage II or III colorectal cancer and portal hypertension who underwent curative resection were included.
: All patients received adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin (FOLFOX 4) or 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin.
: Potential predictive laboratory and clinical variables and postoperative (30-day) and long-term morbidity and mortality were recorded.
: Of 63 patients enrolled, 23 (37%) had a total of 82 postoperative complications; 5 patients (8%) died within 30 days postoperatively. Univariate analysis showed that severe portal hypertension, preoperative Child class B, low albumin, the presence of ascites, preoperative upper GI tract bleeding, and high intraoperative blood loss were linked to postoperative morbidity. Presence of postoperative infection (p = 0.004), presence of preoperative ascites (p = 0.01), high intraoperative blood loss (p = 0.02), and preoperative upper GI tract bleeding (p = 0.03) were significantly related to mortality. Of 58 patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy, 20 received the oxaliplatin regimen and 38 received 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin without oxaliplatin. The median length of follow-up was 26 (range, 6-36) months. Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that patients who received oxaliplatin had higher cumulative incidences of newly developed esophageal varices (p = 0.002), GI tract bleeding (p = 0.02), and newly formed ascites (p = 0.03). Death occurred in 8 of 20 patients (40%) in the oxaliplatin group and in 5 of 38 patients (13%) in the 5-fluorouracil group. Kaplan-Meier estimates of mean survival time were 34.4 months (95% CI, 32.4-36.5) in the 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin group vs 29.9 months (95% CI, 26-33.7) in the oxaliplatin group, and patients receiving oxaliplatin had a significantly higher relative risk of death (HR = 2.98; 95% CI, 1.03-8.65). Cancer-specific mortality was not related to treatment type.
: The study was limited by the relatively small sample size and lack of randomization, which may have led to selection bias in treatment regimens.
: Colorectal cancer surgery can be done safely in portal hypertensive patients with good hepatic function; however, higher mortality is expected in patients with compromised hepatic function reserve. Compared with adjuvant chemotherapy without oxaliplatin, oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy does not significantly reduce cancer-specific mortality and may increase overall morbidity and mortality. Therefore, oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy should be used with caution in patients who have portal hypertension, even in those with good liver function.
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ABSTRACT: The records of 54 patients with documented cirrhosis who underwent colectomy between January 1970 and January 1984 were studied to assess the operative risk and to determine the preoperative predictive risk factors. In-hospital mortality was 24 percent (13 patients), and postoperative complications occurred in 48 percent (26 patients). The risk of surgical intervention was significantly increased if encephalopathy, ascites, anemia, or hypoalbuminemia was present before operation. A simple operative risk index involving the presence of encephalopathy and ascites and the levels of hemoglobin and albumin is proposed to help distinguish a low-risk subgroup in whom postoperative mortality was 12.8 percent from a high-risk subgroup in whom postoperative mortality was 53.3 percent.Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 08/1987; 30(7):529-31. DOI:10.1007/BF02554783 · 3.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Emergency ligation of bleeding oesophageal varices using the Milnes Walker technique was performed in 38 patients. Haemorrhage continued or recurred in hospital in 11 patients, all of whom subsequently died. A further 10 patients died in hospital following operation from hepatic failure and a variety of other causes. Five patients were finally considered suitable for elective shunt surgery, but of 12 patients who were discharged without a further operation, only 2 have re-bled. Although the overall 6-month survival was 32 per cent, in patients with good preoperative liver function this rose to 71 per cent, and the simple scoring system for grading the severity of disturbance of liver function was found to be of value in predicting the outcome of surgery.Since the results of emergency ligation of bleeding oesophageal varices in our hands have been so disappointing we are currently using it less and are trying the mesenteric caval jump graft as an emergency operation for the control of bleeding varices.British Journal of Surgery 09/1973; 60(8):646-9. DOI:10.1002/bjs.1800600817 · 5.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Celiotomy in cirrhotic patients is reported to bear a high risk of operative morbidity and mortality. We reviewed 100 consecutive, cirrhotic patients who underwent nonshunt celiotomy. Thirty patients died and major complications occurred in another 30 patients. Hospital mortality rate was 21% in 39 biliary operations, 35% in 26 procedures for peptic ulcer disease, and 55% in nine colectomies . Fifty-two variables were compared between survivors without complication, survivors with complications, and nonsurvivors. A computer-generated, multivariant discriminant analysis yielded an equation predictive of survival. Utilizing coagulation parameters, presence of active infection, and serum albumin, the equation predicted survival with 89% accuracy. In a similar fashion, amount of operative transfusions, absence of postoperative ascites, pulmonary failure, gastrointestinal bleeding, and culture-positive urine predicted survival with 100% accuracy. We conclude that celiotomy in the cirrhotic patient is truly associated with very high morbidity and mortality, and preoperative assessment can predict survival with 89% accuracy.Annals of Surgery 07/1984; 199(6):648-55. DOI:10.1097/00000658-198406000-00003 · 7.19 Impact Factor