An intravenous (i.v.) route-compatible formulation of FL118, a survivin, Mcl-1, XIAP, and cIAP2 selective inhibitor, improves FL118 antitumor efficacy and therapeutic index (TI)

Departments of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI) Buffalo, New York 14263, USA.
American Journal of Translational Research (Impact Factor: 3.4). 04/2013; 5(2):139-54.
Source: PubMed


We recently reported a novel anticancer small molecule, designated FL118, which was discovered via high throughput screening (HTS), and followed by hit-lead in vitro and in vivo analysis. FL118 selectively inhibits the expression of four major cancer survival-associated gene products (survivin, Mcl-1, XIAP, and cIAP2) and shows promising antitumor activity in animal models of human cancers when administered using a weekly x 4 schedule (Ling et al., PLOS ONE. 2012, 7: e45571). Here, we compared the antitumor efficacy and therapeutic index (TI) of FL118 in a newly developed Tween 80-free formulation that can be delivered intravenously (i.v.) and intraperitoneally (i.p.) against the previous Tween 80-containing formulation that can only be delivered via an i.p. route. We found that the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for FL118 in the i.v. formulation increases 3-7 fold in comparison with the MTD of FL118 in the i.p. formulation. FL118 in the i.v. recipe was able to eliminate human tumor xenografts in all three major schedules tested (daily x 5, q2 x 5 and weekly x 5). In contrast, FL118 was able to eliminate human tumor xenografts in the i.p. formulation only with the weekly x 4 schedule previously reported. The TI of FL118 in the i.v. formulation reached 5-6 in the most effective schedule, while the TI of FL118 in the i.p. formulation was only 1.3 - 2. These findings overcome several clinical challenges including FL118 formulation to realize clinically compatible drug administration routes, and expanding effective treatment schedules. The striking improvement of the TI makes FL118 a much safer drug for further development toward clinical trials.

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Available from: Fengzhi Li, Jun 19, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: We recently reported the identification and characterization of a novel small chemical molecule designated FL118. FL118 selectively inhibits multiple cancer survival and proliferation-associated antiapoptotic proteins (survivin, Mcl-1, XIAP, cIAP2), and eliminates small and large human tumor xenografts in animal models (Ling et al., PLOS ONE. 2012;7:e45571). Here, we report a follow-up study on the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of the hydroxyl group in the lactone ring of FL118. We found that the superior antitumor efficacy of FL118 heavily depends on its steric configuration through comparing the antitumor activity of FL118 with FL113 (the racemic mixture of FL118). Consistently, FL118 proved much more effective in inhibiting the expression of survivin, Mcl-1, and cIAP2, both in vitro and in vivo, compared to FL113. Additionally, Tet-on controlled induction of survivin or forced expression of Mcl-1 however protects cancer cells from FL118-mediated growth inhibition and cell death. To further explore the SAR, we synthesized seven position 20-esterifiable FL118 and FL113 derivatives. Studies on these 7 new compounds revealed that keeping a free hydroxyl group is also important for high antitumor efficacy. Together, these studies confirm the superior anticancer activity of FL118, and narrow the window for further SAR studies to generate novel analogs based on FL118 core structure on its other potential chemical positions.
    Molecular Pharmaceutics 12/2013; 11(2). DOI:10.1021/mp4004282 · 4.38 Impact Factor
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