Article

Autoantibody induction and adipokine levels in patients with psoriasis treated with infliximab.

Section of Dermatology and Venereology, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.
Immunologic Research (Impact Factor: 3.53). 04/2013; DOI: 10.1007/s12026-013-8410-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was aimed to analyse the prevalence of antinuclear antibodies in patients with psoriasis after treatment with infliximab and correlates the development of antibodies with both response to treatment and adipokines levels. Serum levels of ANA, anti-dsDNA, anti-histone, anti-nucleosome and anti-ENA antibodies at baseline after 2 and 12 months of treatment with infliximab were measured in 27 patients with psoriasis, as well as in 27 matched controls. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP), chemerin, visfatin and resistin were also assessed. The prevalence of ANA increased from 22 to 37 % and 63 % (p < 0.01) during treatment with infliximab, with a gradual progressive increase both in ANA titre and in percentage of ANA pattern. The prevalence of other antibodies also increased from 7 to 30 % and 48 % (p < 0.01) for anti-ds-DNA and from 7 to 26 % and 37 % for anti-nucleosome antibodies (p < 0.05), whereas the prevalence of anti-histone and anti-ENA antibodies was unchanged throughout the study period. Basal chemerin, resistin and CRP levels were higher in patients than in controls, and their levels progressively normalized during treatment (p < 0.01). Conversely, visfatin levels gradually increased (p < 0.01). ANA+ patients tended to show a faster decrease in PASI score, CRP and chemerin levels after 2 months, but the PASI score did not differ between ANA+ and ANA- patients at 12 months. A higher increase of visfatin was also found in ANA+ patients at 2 and 12 months. The antinuclear antibody response induced by infliximab was restricted to ANA, anti-dsDNA and anti-nucleosome antibodies. Patients who developed ANA positivity showed a faster clinical, inflammatory and immunological response to infliximab therapy.

0 Followers
 · 
82 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent studies implicate adipokines in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases, including psoriasis. In this study we evaluated the significance of serum resistin levels in psoriasis patients using a meta-analysis approach. Relevant articles were retrieved by searching the following English and Chinese databases: Cochrane Library, PubMed, Springer Link, Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). The retrieved studies were subjected to a thorough screening procedure to identify case-control studies that contained the required data. Data was extracted from each study and Version 12.0 STATA statistical software was employed for statistical analyses. Nine case-control studies, containing 421 psoriasis patients and 348 healthy controls, were included in this study. The major result of the meta-analysis revealed a statistically significant association between serum resistin levels and psoriasis (SMD = 2.22, 95%CI: 1.14-3.29, P < 0.001). Subgroup analysis based on ethnicity showed that, compared to the healthy controls, serum resistin levels were markedly higher in psoriasis patients in both Asian and Caucasian populations (Asians: SMD = 3.27, 95%CI = 1.62 ~ 4.91, P < 0.001; Caucasians: SMD = 0.91, 95%CI = 0.28 ~ 1.54, P < 0.001). Based on our results, we conclude that serum resistin level in psoriasis patients is higher than healthy controls, and raises the possibility that elevated serum resistin levels may be a novel diagnostic marker in psoriasis and may predict the occurrence of co-morbidities in psoriasis patients.
    Lipids in Health and Disease 05/2015; 14(1):44. DOI:10.1186/s12944-015-0039-9 · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Postmarketing Phase IV Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting up to 2.5% of the population, with joint involvement in approximately 30% of patients. Given the role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, anti-TNF therapies have been developed; several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) as induction and maintenance therapy in the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. The development of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in anti-TNF-treated patients has been frequently reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of ANA and anti-double stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) antibodies in psoriatic patients receiving IFX. Incidence of new ANA and anti-ds-DNA was 16.2% and 8.1% respectively. No case of anti-TNF induced Lupus was observed during the follow-up.
    Drug Development Research 11/2014; 75 Suppl 1:S61-3. DOI:10.1002/ddr.21198 · 0.73 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chemerin is an immunomodulating factor secreted predominantly by adipose tissue and skin. Processed by a variety of proteases linked to inflammation, it activates the G-protein coupled receptor chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1) and induces chemotaxis in natural killer cells, macrophages, and immature dendritic cells. Recent developments revealed the role of the nonsignaling chemerin receptor C-C chemokine receptor-like 2 (CCRL2) in inflammation. Besides further research establishing its link to inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis, functions in healthy skin have also been reported. Here, the current understanding of chemerin processing, signaling and physiological function has been summarized, focusing on the regulation of its activity, its different receptors and its controversially discussed role in diseases. © 2014 IUBMB Life, 2014.
    International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Life 01/2014; 66(1). DOI:10.1002/iub.1242 · 2.76 Impact Factor