Malignant pericardial effusion is a common and serious manifestation in malignancies. The origins of the malignant process include solid tumors or hematological malignancies, while primary neoplasms of the pericardium are less common. In the oncological patient, pericardial effusion may develop by several different mechanisms, namely by direct or metastatic spread of the primary process or as a complication of antineoplastic therapies. In some cases, pericardial effusion may be the first manifestation of the disease, and that is why malignancy must be excluded in every case of an acute pericardial disease with cardiac tamponade at presentation, rapidly increasing pericardial effusion and an incessant or recurrent course. Thus, the definite differentiation of malignant pericardial effusion and rapid diagnosis are of particular therapeutic and prognostic importance. Management of these patients is multidisciplinary and requires team work, but at present there is a need for further research. An individual treatment plan should be established, taking into account cancer stage, the patient's prognosis, local availability and experience. In emergency cases with cardiac tamponade or significant effusion, initial relief can be obtained with pericardiocentesis. Despite the magnitude of this serious problem, little progress has been made in the treatment of pericardial effusion secondary to malignant disease.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Serositis is a rare manifestation of chronic GvHD (cGvHD). No risk factors or laboratory changes associated with this syndrome have been recognized to date, and outcomes have not been described in a large series. We searched our institutional database for patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant identified as having serositis or pericarditis. Laboratory studies from prior to diagnosis, at diagnosis and post diagnosis of serositis, as well as outcomes from invasive procedures were included. Twenty patients met criteria for cGvHD-associated serositis, and all but three patients had a prior diagnosis of cGvHD. Fifteen were male, and the complication occurred in the setting of immunosuppressant taper in 12 cases. Ten patients required invasive interventions, including pericardial window or stripping. A significant increase in blood monocytes and decrease in serum albumin were identified at diagnosis compared with pre-diagnosis. Out of 20 patients, 17 were treated with steroids, with 12 demonstrating a complete response. These data suggest that cGvHD-associated serositis occurs mainly in the setting of treated as opposed to de novo cGvHD and biomarkers associated with the syndrome include a decrease in albumin and an increase in absolute monocyte count. Outcome data from larger series are required to better understand the optimal management of this rare complication.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 11 May 2015; doi:10.1038/bmt.2015.105.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 02/2013; 19(2):S333. DOI:10.1016/j.bbmt.2012.11.507 · 3.40 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.