Classifications for Adult Spinal Deformity and Use of the Scoliosis Research Society-Schwab Adult Spinal Deformity Classification

Departments of Orthopedics, Rocky Mountain Hospital for Children, Presbyterian/St Lukes Medical Center, Rocky Mountain Scoliosis and Spine, 2055 High Street, Suite 130, Denver, CO 80205, USA. Electronic address: .
Neurosurgery clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 1.44). 04/2013; 24(2):185-93. DOI: 10.1016/
Source: PubMed


Adult spinal deformity (ASD) is a complex disease state that pathologically alters standing upright posture and is associated with substantial pain and disability. This article provides an overview of classification systems for spinal deformity, clarifies the need to differentiate between pediatric and adult classifications, and provides an explanation on the use of the Scoliosis Research Society-Schwab Adult Spinal Deformity Classification (SRS-Schwab ASD Classification). This information allows surgeons, researchers, and health care providers to (1) identify sources of pain and disability in patients with ASD and (2) accurately use the SRSeSchwab ASD Classification to evaluate patients with ASD.

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    • "Another subclass of the class Curvatures_of_vertebral_column is the class Lenke_type_curvatures_of_vertebral_column, which represents curvatures classification according to Lenke et al. [18]. Beside Lenke classification scheme there are also other classification systems for idiopathic scoliosis such as King [19], PMUC [20], Schwab ASD [21], Rigo [22], SRS [23], Lehnert-Schroth classification [24], etc. However in creating the taxonomy of the Curvatures_of_vertebral_column class we only employed Lenke's classification system as the most reliable and used system, which takes into account deformities of spine in both frontal and sagittal plane, as scoliosis is three dimensional deformity of the spine [18]. According Table III Lenke_type_curvatures_of_vertebral_column class has six subclasses (Fig. 6 "
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