Prevalence of Self-reported Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Saudi Physicians: A Comparative Study.

College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh.
International journal of health sciences 01/2013; 7(1):3-13. DOI: 10.12816/0006015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death worldwide. CVD-related mortality can be substantially reduced by modifying risk factors.
In this cross-sectional study conducted in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, we estimated and compared prevalence of self-reported risk factors for CVD among physicians and a comparative group of non-physician health workers. We postulated that prevalence of CVD risk factors would be significantly lower in physicians. Participants filled in a structured self-administered questionnaire on CVD risk factors.
The study included 200 participants (100 respondents each group). Participants in the two groups were of similar age (P = 0.46) and Body Mass Index (BMI) P = 0.11. There was no statistical difference in smoking, frequency and length of physical exercise per week (P = 0.53, 0.57, 0.47 respectively). Diet habits showed daily intake of more protein, less fat and highly processed food, and similar vegetables, fruit and carbohydrate among physicians. Health status (presence of hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia, or other diseases) didn't differ between the two groups. Physicians showed a significantly higher familial cardiovascular risk, with mothers and siblings having more dyslipidemia, but there was no significant difference in parental dyslipidemia, diabetes or hypertension.
These findings indicate that high awareness of CVD and associated risk factors alone is not enough to prevent their occurrence. Programs to routinely screen these risk factors and improve the lifestyle of physicians are needed.

Download full-text


Available from: Motasim Badri, Jun 26, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several studies have clearly shown the impact of modernization on the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in susceptible communities. Saudi Arabia has faced a rapid development program over the last two decades. In a recent study, we found a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus in urban Saudi Arabia. A total of 5222 rural subjects of both sexes were involved in a study of the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Random capillary blood glucose, body weight and height, and income were recorded. The results showed an overall prevalence of 4.3%. There was a rise of prevalence with age and higher-income groups. Prevalence also differed with sex. The overall prevalence in women (5.9%) was twice that for men (2.9%; P less than .001). Obesity occurred in 41.2% of our diabetic subjects compared to 29.3% in nondiabetic subjects (P less than .001). Multiple logistic regression analysis with body mass index (BMI) as the dependent variable showed that sex and income status were significant factors (P less than .0001 and P less than .04, respectively). When blood glucose was fixed as the dependent variable, the analysis showed that age, income, and BMI were significant factors (P less than .004, P less than .0001, and P less than .045, respectively).
    Diabetes Care 01/1987; 10(2):180-3. · 8.57 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the health status of young Indian doctors engaged in clinical practice compared with the general population. During a continuing medical education programme on diabetes, data from 2499 doctors from urban and semiurban areas, (mean age 39.0 + 9.0 yrs), were collected and was compared with 3278 subjects from general population (mean age 37.0 +/- 8.0 yrs). Prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, obesity, dyslipidaemia, metabolic syndrome, smoking and alcohol consumption were analysed. Doctors had significantly higher (p<0.001) prevalence of all abnormalities except diabetes, compared with the general population (diabetes 13.3 Vs 14.8%, impaired glucose tolerance 10.7 Vs 7.4%, hypertension 35.6% Vs 27.0%, obesity 55.5% Vs 35.8%, metabolic syndrome 29.0% Vs 24.8%). Undetected cases of diabetes and hypertension were similar in both groups. Use of alcohol was more common among doctors. Other illness was less common among doctors (13.2% Vs 21.8%, p < 0.001). In India, doctors had high prevalence of metabolic disorders showing that they had not taken good care of their health. Doctors need to be motivated to practise good healthcare habits that they advocate to their clients.
    The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 02/2008; 56:17-20.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The relationships between cardiorespiratory fitness, daily physical activity, and selected coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors were evaluated in a sample of 91 preadolescent boys. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed (VO2max). Physical activity level was assessed using daytime heart rate telemetry. CAD risk factors included total cholesterol, fasting triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and body fat content. The mean value of VO2max exhibited significant negative relationship with body fat percent (r = -0.55). Controlling the effects of age, body mass index and body fat percent resulted in a significant inverse relationship between physical activity and systolic (r = -0.29) and diastolic (r = -0.28) blood pressures. Analysis of data by quartiles revealed significant differences only in body fat percent across fitness categories, while no significant differences were detected in the other CAD risk factors. However, higher HDL-cholesterol and lower triglycerides levels were observed in those boys with higher levels of physical activity. It was concluded that except with body fatness, cardiorespiratory fitness is not strongly associated with lower CAD risk factors, while physical activity level was significantly associated with lower blood pressure level but not with the other CAD risk factors.
    International Journal of Sports Medicine 08/1994; 15(5):267-72. DOI:10.1055/s-2007-1021058 · 2.37 Impact Factor