Efficacy and safety of reduced-intensity induction therapy with a bortezomib-based regimen in elderly patients with multiple myeloma

S de Hematología, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre. Instituto de Investigación 12 de Octubre, Univ Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Therapeutic advances in hematology 06/2012; 3(3):147-54. DOI: 10.1177/2040620712440589
Source: PubMed


The therapeutic effects of bortezomib in untreated and refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma have been demonstrated in several clinical trials, displaying superiority to the conventional treatments. However, many treatment-related toxicities, such as bone marrow suppression, infections and peripheral neuropathy, are well known and lead to treatment discontinuation and dose modification, especially in elderly patients. The purpose of this review is to summarize the published literature concerning the efficacy and safety of reduced-intensity induction therapy with bortezomib-based regimens in elderly patients with multiple myeloma. We used the VISTA trial as a reference and compared it with the seven trials identified in a systematic search. The data suggest that low-dose bortezomib significantly reduces therapy-related toxicities, especially neuropathy, and decreases the rate of discontinuation compared with the twice-weekly regimen, without losing efficacy. In light of this review, we suggest that once-weekly infusion of bortezomib in addition to melphalan-prednisone may be considered as a new standard of care in frontline treatment of elderly patients with symptomatic multiple myeloma.

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Available from: Joaquin Martinez-Lopez, Dec 17, 2013
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