Association of polymorphisms in microRNA machinery genes (DROSHA, DICER1, RAN, and XPO5) with risk of idiopathic primary ovarian insufficiency in Korean women.
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate whether polymorphisms in microRNA machinery genes are associated with the risk of primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). METHODS: We genotyped 136 POI patients and 236 controls among Korean women for nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; DROSHA rs6877842 and rs10719; DICER1 rs13078 and rs3742330; RAN rs14035; and XPO5 rs34324334, rs2257082, rs11544382, and rs11077) by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Differences in genotype frequencies between patients and controls were compared, and odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs were determined as measures of the strength of the association between genotype and POI. RESULTS: Of the nine SNPs, XPO5 rs34324334 and rs11544382 were monomorphic and were not analyzed further. The XPO5 rs2257082 CT and CT + TT variant genotypes were more frequent in patients (OR, 2.097; 95% CI, 1.207-3.645) than in controls (OR, 2.030; 95% CI, 1.196-3.445). The combined frequencies of XPO5 rs2257082 CT + TT and rs11077 AC + CC genotypes were higher in patients than in controls (OR, 2.526; 95% CI, 1.088-5.865). An association of POI risk with other polymorphisms was not found. A haplotype-based analysis of seven polymorphisms of the microRNA machinery genes for gene-gene interactions suggests that ***ACTA, ***GCCA, ***G*C*, *T*ATTA, and ***ACT* haplotypes (asterisk indicates SNP locus not included; DROSHA rs6877842 and rs10719, DICER1 rs13078 and rs3742330, RAN rs14035, and XPO5 rs2257082 and rs11077 polymorphisms) are associated with higher POI prevalence, and that ***GCTA, ***ACCA, *C*ATTA, and *C*ATT* haplotypes are associated with lower POI prevalence. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that the XPO5 rs2257082 T variant allele occurs more frequently in POI patients than in controls, suggesting that this allele may be associated with increased POI risk.
- SourceAvailable from: Nam Keun Kim[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Key molecules involved in microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis, such as DROSHA, XPO5, and DICER, have been identified in trophoblast cells, confirming that the miRNA biogenesis pathway is active in human placenta. In addition, miRNAs regulate uterine gene expression associated with inflammatory responses during the peri-implantation period and participate in maternal-fetal immune tolerance. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate whether genetic polymorphisms in miRNA machinery genes show an association with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) in Korean women. We performed a case-control study with 238 controls and 338 women who had experienced at least two consecutive pregnancy losses between 1999 and 2010. Genotypes of miRNA machinery genes, including DICER rs3742330, DROSHA rs10719, RAN GTPase (RAN) rs14035, and exportin-5 (XPO5) rs11077 were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay. The logistic odds ratios (ORs) of RPL were estimated with a 95% confidence interval (CI) in multivariate analysis after maternal age adjustment. Gene-gene interactions among the loci of the four gene polymorphisms were evaluated using the multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) method. The RAN rs14035 CC genotype and DICER rs3742330/DROSHA rs10719 GG/TC+CC, rs3742330/RAN rs14035 GG/CC, and DICER rs3742330/XPO5 rs11077 GG/AC+CC combinations were significantly associated with increased RPL risk, whereas the RAN rs14035 CT, DICER rs3742330/RAN rs14035 AA+AG/CT+TT, DROSHA rs10719/RAN rs14035 TC+CC/CT+TT, and RAN rs14035/XPO5 rs11077 CT+TT/AA combinations reduced RPL risk. The A-T-T-C and G-C-T-A allele combinations (DICER/DROSHA/RAN/XPO5) were 20 times more frequent in the RPL group than in the control group. Our study demonstrates the relationship between RPL development and the polymorphism of the miRNA machinery gene RAN and combined genotype of DROSHA/DICER.PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(4):e95803. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: miRNAs are small non-coding regulators of gene expression that are estimated to regulate over 60% of all human genes. Each miRNA can target multiple mRNA targets and as such, miRNAs are responsible for some of the 'fine tuning' of gene expression and are implicated in regulation of all cellular processes. miRNAs bind to target genes by sequence complementarity, resulting in target degradation or translational blocking and usually a reduction in target gene expression. Like mRNA, miRNAs are transcribed from genomic DNA and are processed in several steps that are heavily reliant on correct secondary and tertiary structure. Secondary structure is determined by RNA sequence, which is in turn determined by the sequence of the genome. The human genome, however, like most eukaryotes is variable. Large numbers of SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms), small insertions and deletions (indels) and CNVs (copy number variants) have been described in our genome. Should this genetic variation occur in regions critical for the correct secondary structure or target binding, it may interfere with normal gene regulation and cause disease. In this review, we outline the consequences of genetic variation involving different aspects of miRNA biosynthesis, processing and regulation, with selected examples of incidences when this has potential to affect human disease.Biochemical Society Transactions 08/2014; 42(4):1184-9. · 2.59 Impact Factor