[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Reducing sympathetic output to the heart from the neuraxis can protect against ventricular arrhythmias. The purpose of this study was to assess the value of thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) and left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) in the management of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with structural heart disease.
Clinical data of 14 patients (25 to 75 years old, mean+/-SD of 54.2+/-16.6 years; 13 men) who underwent TEA, LCSD, or both to control ventricular tachycardia (VT) refractory to medical therapy and catheter ablation were reviewed. Twelve patients were in VT storm, and 2 experienced recurrent VT despite maximal medical therapy and catheter ablation procedures. The total number of therapies per patient before either procedure ranged from 5 to 202 (median of 24; 25th and 75th percentile, 5 and 56). Eight patients underwent TEA, and 9 underwent LCSD (3 patients had both procedures). No major procedural complications occurred. After initiation of TEA, 6 patients had a large (> or =80%) decrease in VT burden. After LCSD, 3 patients had no further VT, 2 had recurrent VT that either resolved within 24 hours or responded to catheter ablation, and 4 continued to have recurrent VT. Nine of 14 patients survived to hospital discharge (2 TEA alone, 3 TEA/LCSD combined, and 4 LCSD alone), 1 of the TEA alone patients underwent an urgent cardiac transplantation.
Initiation of TEA and LCSD in patients with refractory VT was associated with a subsequent decrease in arrhythmia burden in 6 (75%) of 8 patients (68% confidence interval 51% to 91%) and 5 (56%) of 9 patients (68% confidence interval 34% to 75%), respectively. These data suggest that TEA and LCSD may be effective additions to the management of refractory ventricular arrhythmias in structural heart disease when other treatment modalities have failed or may serve as a bridge to more definitive therapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prognostic significance of multiple ventricular tachycardia (VT) morphologies, whether spontaneous or induced, was investigated in patients who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for postinfarction ventricular tachycardia.
We studied 137 patients with postinfarction ventricular tachycardia. Catheter ablation of all induced ventricular tachycardias was attempted. A single ventricular tachycardia morphology was documented in 102/137 patients (MONO group); 35 patients had spontaneous pleomorphism (PLEO group). Multiple VT morphologies were induced in 58/102 (57%) MONO patients and in all PLEO patients. A higher rate of arrhythmia suppression was obtained in MONO as compared to PLEO patients (162/212 [76%] vs. 43/110 [39%]). Clinical presentation (VT pleomorphism) (OR: 0.22, CI: 0.08-0.62) and the induced VT cycle (mean PLEO/MONO: 338/385 ms, OR: 1.06) were independent predictors of acute RFCA success. Among MONO patients, the procedure was successful in 75% of the patients with a single induced ventricular tachycardia compared to 64% of those with multiple tachycardias. The acute success rate was lower in PLEO patients (23%). PLEO patients had a significantly higher 3- and 5-year arrhythmia recurrence rate than MONO patients. RFCA acute success was the only independent predictor of long-term outcome in multivariate analysis.
Spontaneous, but not induced, VT pleomorphism in patients with prior myocardial infarction adversely affects the acute and long-term success rate of RFCA.
European Heart Journal 08/2004; 25(13):1127-38. · 14.72 Impact Factor
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