[Dyspepsia: Clinical characteristics, endoscopic and histological findings in patients of the Hospital Nacional Hipolito Unanue, Lima, Peru, during 2010].
ABSTRACT Objective: To identify clinical, endoscopic and histological characteristics and their relationship with Helicobacter pylori (Hp) in patients treated with the diagnosis of dyspepsia in our hospital during 2010. Materials and methods: We conducted a cross sectional and retrospective study in the population attending our hospital during 2010, a sample of 300 patients was studied. We evaluated clinical, histological and endoscopic findings. An instrument of data collection was made. We used the statistical package SPSS 15.0. Results: It was found that the majority were female (63%), while the mean age at diagnosis was 42 years, mostly from SJL district (30%) of these Andean origin (50 %) was the highest percentage. Only 19% showed signs of alarm, low weight characterize this group (14%), the endoscopic findings most commonly found were antral erythema (74.7%), followed by erosions (32.9%) and nodules (22%). Hp infection was found in 93%, mild dysplasia was present in 2.7% and atrophy in only 14.7%. The 98.5% of patients with nodularity on endoscopy had Hp infection. Conclusions: The most frequent dyspeptic symptoms were epigastric pain followed by abdominal distension, the female gender was present more often, the warning signs were rare, antral erythema was the feature most found in endoscopies. Hp infection was significantly associated with some features such as endoscopic antral nodularity and erythema as well as had relation to the activity of gastritis. Key words: Dyspepsia; Helicobacter pylori; Endoscopy; Gastritis (source: MeSH NLM).