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Teaching NeuroImages: Massive abdominal CSFoma

and Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine (N.V.K.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.
Neurology (Impact Factor: 8.3). 03/2013; 80(13):e146. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e318289705e
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A 31-year-old woman with congenital hydrocephalus status after ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement 23 years earlier presented with abdominal distention. The patient denied fever, headache, or sensory or motor abnormalities. Examination was notable for a tense abdomen. CT of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated a massive, loculated, CSFoma, or CSF pseudocyst (figure). Ventriculoperitoneal shunts are associated with a variety of complications including tubing disruption, tip blockage, infection, intestinal perforation, tip migration, and CSFoma development.(1) CSFoma is a rare complication, thought to be caused by low-grade shunt infection, chronic inflammation, increased cerebral spinal fluid protein, or peritoneal adhesions, and is estimated to occur in 1.0% to 4.5% of cases, with a typical occurrence within 3 weeks to 5 years of shunt placement.(2,3) Treatment consists of external drainage or surgical excision followed by reconstruction of the shunt system.(4.)

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