Percutaneous Bilateral Metallic Stent Placement Using a Stentin-Stent Deployment Technique in Patients With Malignant Hilar Biliary Obstruction

1 All authors: Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 86 Asanbyeongwon-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea.
American Journal of Roentgenology (Impact Factor: 2.73). 04/2013; 200(4):909-14. DOI: 10.2214/AJR.12.8780
Source: PubMed


The purpose of this study is to investigate the technical and clinical efficacy of percutaneous bilateral stent-in-stent deployment using open cell-design stents and to compare the clinical outcomes of bilateral stent placement using T and Y configurations.

Materials and methods:
From January 2006 to December 2010, 106 patients with malignant hilar biliary obstruction (Bismuth type II or higher) were included in this retrospective study. All patients were treated with percutaneous bilateral stent-in-stent deployment using open cell-design stents (64 in a T configuration and 42 in a Y configuration).

Bilateral stent-in-stent deployment was technically successful in all patients. Seven patients (6.6%) had major complications, including one with severe hemobilia, two with acute cholecystitis, and four with cholangitis; seven (6.6%) patients had minor complications, including self-limiting hemobilia. Successful internal drainage was achieved in 94 patients (88.7%). Stent occlusion by tumor ingrowth, with or without overgrowth, occurred in 37 patients (34.9%). The median survival and stent patency times were 192 days (95% CI, 153.6-230.4 days) and 319 days (95% CI, 148.5-489.5 days), respectively. Stent configuration did not significantly affect technical success, complications, successful internal drainage, patient survival, or stent patency.

Percutaneous bilateral stent-in-stent placement using open cell-design stents is effective for bilateral drainage in patients with malignant hilar biliary obstruction. In addition, there was no significant difference in technical and clinical outcomes between T and Y stent configurations.

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Available from: Jin Hyoung Kim, Jun 19, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: The concept of percutaneous management of malignant biliary obstruction has not significantly changed in the last two decades and is based on the successful drainage of bile toward the duodenum, which normalizes liver function and prevents the development of cholangitis and sepsis. However, patient survival has changed slightly in the last two decades due to the advance of the diagnostic methods, chemo-radiotherapy protocols, and minimally invasive local control of the disease. Bare metal stents have not improved; however, newly developed covered biliary stents have been designed, and there is now evidence supporting their use in the clinical practice. However, other novel devices that may potentially offer benefit to patients with malignant biliary obstruction have been developed, such as drug-eluting biliary stents and intraductal ablation devices, and first feasibility trials have been published that offer encouraging results. These new technological developments, in combination with increased patient survival, bring new exciting data in this constantly developing area. The purpose of this review article is to investigate the latest published evidence on percutaneous minimal invasive palliation of malignant biliary disease and to delineate current trends.
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