Integration of fluoroscopy-based guidance in orthopaedic trauma surgery - A prospective cohort study

Ulm University, Institute of Research in Rehabilitation Medicine, Wuhrstrasse 2/1, 88422 Bad Buchau, Germany
Injury (Impact Factor: 2.14). 03/2013; 44(11). DOI: 10.1016/j.injury.2013.02.008
Source: PubMed


Computer-assisted guidance systems are not used frequently for musculoskeletal injuries unless there are potential advantages. We investigated a novel fluoroscopy-based image guidance system in orthopaedic trauma surgery.

Materials and methods:
The study was a prospective, not randomised, single-centre case series at a level I trauma centre. A total of 45 patients with 46 injuries (foot 12, shoulder 10, long bones seven, hand and wrist seven, ankle seven and spine and pelvis four) were included. Different surgical procedures were examined following the basic principles of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen/Association for the Study of Internal Fixation (AO/ASIF). Main outcome measurements were the number of trials for implant placement, total surgery time, usability via user questionnaire and system failure rate.

In all cases, the trajectory function was used, inserting a total of 56 guided implants. The system failed when used in pelvic and spinal injuries, resulting in a total failure rate of 6.5% (n=3) of all included cases. The overall usability was rated as good, scoring 84.3%.

The novel image-guidance system could be integrated into the surgical workflow and was used successfully in orthopaedic trauma surgery. Expected advantages should be explored in randomised studies.

1 Follower
25 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spine surgery using computer-assisted navigation (CAN) has been proven to result in low screw misplacement rates, low incidence of radiation exposure and excellent operative field viewing versus the conventional intraoperative image intensifier (CIII). However, as we know, few previous studies have described the learning curve of CAN in spine surgery. We performed two consecutive case cohort studies on pedicel screw accuracy and operative time of two spine surgeons with different experience backgrounds, A and B, in one institution during the same period. Lumbar pedicel screw cortical perforation rate and operative time of the same kind of operation using CAN were analyzed and compared using CIII for the two surgeons at initial, 6 months and 12 months of CAN usage. CAN spine surgery had an overall lower cortical perforation rate and less mean operative time compared with CIII for both surgeon A and B cohorts when total cases of four years were included. It missed being statistically significant, with 3.3% versus 4.7% (P = 0.191) and 125.7 versus 132.3 minutes (P = 0.428) for surgeon A and 3.6% versus 6.4% (P = 0.058), and 183.2 versus 213.2 minutes (P = 0.070) for surgeon B. In an attempt to demonstrate the learning curve, the cases after 6 months of the CAN system in each surgeon's cohort were compared. The perforation rate decreased by 2.4% (P = 0.039) and 4.3% (P = 0.003) and the operative time was reduced by 31.8 minutes (P = 0.002) and 14.4 minutes (P = 0.026) for the CAN groups of surgeons A and B, respectively. When only the cases performed after 12 months using the CAN system were considered, the perforation rate decreased by 3.9% (P = 0.006) and 5.6% (P < 0.001) and the operative time was reduced by 20.9 minutes (P < 0.001) and 40.3 minutes (P < 0.001) for the CAN groups of surgeon A and B, respectively. In the long run, CAN spine surgery decreased the lumbar screw cortical perforation rate and operative time. The learning curve showed a sharp drop after 6 months of using CAN that plateaued after 12 months; which was demonstrated by both perforation rate and operative time data. Careful analysis of the data showed CAN is especially useful for less experienced surgeon to reduce perforation rate and intraoperative time, although further comparative studies are anticipated.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2010; 123(21):2989-94. DOI:10.3760/cmaj.issn.0366-6999.2010.21.007 · 1.05 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A number of studies have shown increased accuracy of pedicle screw placement in spine with the help of computer-assisted navigation. The literature is lacking in regard to functional benefit derived from this technique. The aim of this systematic review was to look at the functional outcomes following computer-assisted pedicle screw placement in spine. A 'Dialog Datastar' search was used using optimized search strategy covering the period from 1950 to July 2009; 23 papers were finally included which met our inclusion criteria. We report on a total of 1,288 patients with 5,992 pedicle screws. The comparison of neurological complications in two groups demonstrated an odds ratio of 0.25 (95% CI 0.06, 1.14) in favour of using navigation for pedicle screw insertion (p = 0.07). Comparative trials demonstrated a significant advantage in terms of accuracy of navigation over conventional pedicle screw insertion with a relative risk of 1.12 (95% CI 1.09, 1.15) (p < 0.00001). Navigation does not show statistically significant benefit in reducing neurological complications and there was insufficient data in the literature to infer a conclusion in terms of fusion rate, pain relief and health outcome scores.
    European Spine Journal 03/2010; 19(3):370-5. DOI:10.1007/s00586-009-1258-4 · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Comparison of the radiation dose between the traditional fluoroscopic approach and computed tomography (CT)-based computer-assisted surgery for pedicle screw placement was determined. To evaluate the radiation dose delivered by fluoroscopy-controlled pedicle screw placement versus insertion guided by computer. To define the CT computer-assisted protocol, involving lower radiation exposure for the patient, that still provides acceptable image quality. There are no published data describing the dose delivered in CT-based image-guided surgery, and there are few studies in which the organ dose and the effective dose delivered during pedicle screw insertion that is performed traditionally with fluoroscopic control are described. Dose measurements were performed on two types (REMAB and RANDO) of anthropomorphic phantoms. Thermoluminescent dosimeters were used to measure the organ dose. Both phantoms were exposed to the fluoroscopic x-ray beam. The representative intraoperative scenario was determined by observation of 20 consecutive surgical interventions featuring pedicle screw implantation. For the CT dose measurement only, the REMAB phantom was used with two types of CT scanners. Three scanning protocols were evaluated: sequential, spiral optimized, and sequential optimized. Optimization of the scanning protocol included changes of anode current. The CT images were subsequently processed to achieve three-dimensional reconstruction of the lumbar spine for the computer-assisted intervention. Organ and effective doses were higher in any of the CT examinations than in the fluoroscopic procedure. There was a slight difference between doses registered during optimized spiral scanning and doses in the calculated optimized sequential CT protocol. Optimized sequential scanning was associated with an effective dose 40% lower than that in nonoptimized sequential scanning. The small anatomic structures of the spine could be easily recognized on each of the three-dimensional reconstructions, and all of them were suitable for use in computer-assisted surgery. Percutaneous pedicle screw insertion in the lumbar region of the spine, performed using fluoroscopic control, requires a lower radiation dose than do CT scans necessary for computer-assisted surgery. The CT radiation dose can be significantly decreased by optimization of the scanner settings for computer-assisted surgery. The advantages of computer-assisted surgery justify CT scans, when based on correctly chosen indications.
    Spine 06/1999; 24(10):975-82; discussion 983. DOI:10.1097/00007632-199905150-00009 · 2.30 Impact Factor
Show more


25 Reads
Available from