Lifestyle behavior affecting prevalence of anemia among women in EAG states, India
Aim In India, the prevalence of anemia among women of
age group 15–49 years is much higher and it is necessary to
see the effect of lifestyle behaviors on women’s anemia
level for better understanding of women’s health in eight
empowered action group (EAG) states.
Subject and methods This research investigates the prevalence
and determinants of anemia amongwomen in EAGstates. The
researcher has examined the effect of lifestyle variables on the
anemia level of women of age group 15–49 years in EAG
states. This study utilizes the data obtained from National
Family Health Survey (NFHS-3, 2005–06). Bivariate and multivariate
analyses are used as well as the multinomial regression
analysis and multiple classification analysis conversion model
to calculate adjusted percentage of anemia level of women.
Results Prevalence of anemia was high among all women.
About 40.0 % of women had mild, 13.0 % had moderate,
and 1.4 % had severe anemia. Those women who belong to
the 15–19 year age group, no and low education, poorest
quintile and 3+ children are significantly more likely to be
anemic. Those women who are under weight, have been working
in the past years, smoke and chew tobacco, have no
exposure to mass media and never eating pulses and fruits are
found to be more anemic.
Conclusion The present study shows that lifestyle variables
play a significant role in causing anemia among nonpregnant
women in reproductive age groups.
- The Indian Journal of Medical Research 02/2007; 125(1):99-101; author reply 101. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An evaluation of the National Nutritional Anemia Prophylaxis Program was carried out in Andhra Pradesh. About 8,000 respondents from about 5,754 households were interviewed and 487 pregnant women were covered for haemoglobin estimation in six selected districts. Nearly 19 per cent of the pregnant women had received folifer tablets, while about 1 per cent of child beneficiaries were receiving the tablets. The acceptance of the programme by the community appeared to be satisfactory. The reasons for poor coverage were reported to be inadequate and irregular supplies. Results indicated that the health functionaries were not properly oriented towards the programme, as many of them were not aware of all the beneficiaries under the programme. Chemical analysis of the tablets indicated that about 30 per cent of the tablet samples had iron content less than the expected levels, and none of them had expected levels of folic acid content.The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 57(2):183-90. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to examine the impact of the use of single vs. combination of media on nutritional knowledge and haemoglobin status of women in a rural hill area in Uttarakhand State, India. Women from three villages were selected randomly and divided into three groups namely, print media group (n = 59), multimedia group (n = 53) and control group (n = 111). The print media group was exposed to nutrition education through the use of calendars on anaemia for 60 days; the multimedia group was given nutrition education through a combination of media including calendars, video films, and group discussions for 60 days. At pre-exposure stage, 62.7% of the women in the print media group, 67.9% of the multimedia group, and 66.7% of the control group had a low nutrition knowledge level. After exposure, the print media group and the multimedia group showed a significant rise in nutrition knowledge, with the multimedia group scoring significantly higher than the print media group. Overall, 69.1% of the women were anaemic with mean haemoglobin concentration of 10.74 +/- 0.86 g/dl. A non-significant rise in mean haemoglobin concentrations in the experimental groups was found at post-exposure stage. Calendars and video films are effective in increasing nutrition knowledge of illiterate hill women. Use of mass media programmes of longer duration should be encouraged to combat the nutritional problems of rural communities.Malaysian Journal of Nutrition 12/2011; 17(3):347-57.