Lifestyle behavior affecting prevalence of anemia among women in EAG states, India

Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 2.06). 11/2012; DOI: 10.1007/s10389-012-0548-1

Aim In India, the prevalence of anemia among women of
age group 15–49 years is much higher and it is necessary to
see the effect of lifestyle behaviors on women’s anemia
level for better understanding of women’s health in eight
empowered action group (EAG) states.
Subject and methods This research investigates the prevalence
and determinants of anemia amongwomen in EAGstates. The
researcher has examined the effect of lifestyle variables on the
anemia level of women of age group 15–49 years in EAG
states. This study utilizes the data obtained from National
Family Health Survey (NFHS-3, 2005–06). Bivariate and multivariate
analyses are used as well as the multinomial regression
analysis and multiple classification analysis conversion model
to calculate adjusted percentage of anemia level of women.
Results Prevalence of anemia was high among all women.
About 40.0 % of women had mild, 13.0 % had moderate,
and 1.4 % had severe anemia. Those women who belong to
the 15–19 year age group, no and low education, poorest
quintile and 3+ children are significantly more likely to be
anemic. Those women who are under weight, have been working
in the past years, smoke and chew tobacco, have no
exposure to mass media and never eating pulses and fruits are
found to be more anemic.
Conclusion The present study shows that lifestyle variables
play a significant role in causing anemia among nonpregnant
women in reproductive age groups.

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