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HITHERTO UNRECORDED MACROFUNGI FROM INDIA

ABSTRACT Kashmir forests harbour rich macrofungal diversity and merely 250 macrofungi have been reported from the Himalayan state of Jammu & Kashmir. During a recent survey for mycorrhiza, four hitherto unreported macrofungi viz. Aleuria aurantia (Pers.), Mitrophora semilibera (DC) Lév., Russula delica (Fr.) and Russula paludosa (Britzelm.) were collected from conifer-dominated forests of Kashmir. Of these Russula delica and Russula paludosa are new records from India whereas Aleuria aurantia (Pers.) and Mitrophora semilibera (DC) Lév. are new reports from J&K State.

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    ABSTRACT: 2011) Seasonal production of epigeal fungal sporocarps in mixed and pure fir (Abies pindrow) stands in Kashmir forests. Journal of Agricultural Technology 7(5): 1375-1387. The studies were conducted to assess the seasonal variation in epigeal fruiting pattern through spring, summer and autumn, and to establish the base-line inventory of macrofungi of Kashmir forests in Western Himalaya. Two forests viz., Gulmarg and Pahalgam of Kashmir, consisting of 9 sites from each forest having either pure or mixed fir (Abies pindrow) stand, were surveyed for epigeal macrofungi in 2008 and 2009. A total of 1,439 sporocarps belonging to 66 macrofungal species (43 genera) were collected during the survey from the selected sites, out of which 36 species were mycorrhizal in nature. Much species diversity was noticed in Russula (13%), Amanita (11%), Suillus (9%) and Hebeloma (7%). The sporocarp production was 14% higher in year 2008 than 2009. Twenty five macrofungal species were observed in both the years whereas 25 species occurred exclusively in 2008 and only 16 macrofungal species exclusively in 2009. Of the 25 species noticed in both the years 60% were mycorrhizal in nature. Twenty seven macrofungal species were noticed in both the forests and 21 species appeared in more than one season. Hitherto unreported macrofungi, Clitocybe eccentrica Peck. and Leucoagaricus nympharum (Kalchbr.) Bon. were new records from India and Panaeolus campanulatus (Bull. ex. Fr.) a new report from Jammu & Kashmir State. The epigeal macrofungal dry biomass yield of 1,800 g ha -1 year -1 was observed from both the forests surveyed and varied from season to season with highest aggregate yield recorded in autumn (921.5 g ha -1) and less in summer (309.5 g ha -1). Gulmarg forest exhibited much diversity in macrofungal biomass than Pahalgam forest. In Gulmarg and Pahalgam forests, an average dry sporocarp biomass of 2,132.5 and 1,467.0 g ha -1 , respectively, was recorded from both mixed and pure stands in three seasons with maximum biomass in autumn and minimum in summer. The sporocarp biomass production was more in pure fir forest stands (1,903 g ha -1) than mixed stands (1,697 g ha -1). The study revealed prevalence of great macrofungal diversity and specie richness in Western Himalayan forests and their proper exploration may be of immense future use.
    Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 01/2011; 7(7):1375-1387. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A study was conducted in Jeypore Reserve Forest located in Assam, India to investigate the diversity of macrofungi associated with different tree species. The diversity of broad leaves trees and high humidity during monsoon period favours ideal growth of diverse group of macrofungal fruiting bodies. Thirty macrofungal species representing 26 genera belonging to 17 families were collected from six different sites in the study area. Out of these maximum six genera assignable to family Polyporaceae, five genera to Russulaceae, three genera to Agaricaceae, two genera to Ganodermataceae and Cantharellaceae each and rest of the families were represented by single genus only. The ecological preference of the species reveled that maximum (17) species were saprophyte, living on dead substrates or decaying wood debris, ten species were found associated with roots of higher trees, while three species were found parasitic. Overall 20 species were found edible including some species having medicinal utilization. The present study revealed that maximum frequency of occurrence was exhibited by Trametes versicolor and Schizophyllum commune (83.33%), followed by Microporus xanthopus , Pycnoporus sanguineus (66.67%) and Coprinus disseminates (50%). The rest of the species exhibited the frequency distribution ranging between 16.67-33.33%. The maximum density was recorded for Schizophyllum commune (126.67%) followed by Trametes versicolor (120%) and Xylaria polymorpha (93.33%) . The density of rest of the species were ranged between 3.33- 6.67%. The key objective of the present study was to generate a database on macrofungal diversity of Jeypore Reserve Forest along with their ecological preferences and utilization, which is not earlier documented.
    Biodiversitas. 01/2013; 14(2):73-78.

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Jun 1, 2014