Manual for the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS)

Publisher: Psychology Foundation
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    • "Two additional items are from the depression sub-scale of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995). These were included because previous informal accounts from some post-bushfire research interviewers suggested they may have experienced mild and transient symptoms of dysphoria (a state of unease or generalized dissatisfaction with life) and anhedonia (inability to feel pleasure in normally pleasurable activities) during their deployment. "
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Background: There are numerous reports that those involved in disaster response and recovery are at-risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder, acute stress reaction, or secondary traumatic stress. There are few reports of research concerning the experiences of post-disaster field research interviewers. During the period 2009—2014, post-bushfire research interviews were conducted with residents affected by seven major bushfire events in four Australian states. This report describes findings from follow-up surveys of those who conducted five of these post-bushfire research interview studies. The aim was to investigate (a) the nature of their experiences; and (b) their perceptions of the adequacy of the training and preparation for the work. Method: Sixty-five post-bushfire research interviewers were contacted and invited to take part in an interview or complete a survey questionnaire about their post-bushfire research experiences. Thirty-three researchers (51%) provided 38 responses: one researcher described experiences on each of three deployments, three researchers described their experiences on each of two deployments. Results: Of the 38 responses, 9 (24%) described no stress symptoms associated with the interviews; 26 (68%) described little to mild levels of stress symptoms; 3 (8%) reported moderate levels of stress symptoms. Twenty three researchers (64%) reported that their experiences overall were positive. Reports about training and preparation were mostly positive. Conclusions: Interviewing residents affected by future disaster events will be psychologically impactful for many who conduct post-disaster field research. For the majority, the experience will probably have some distressing elements, but will be viewed positively overall. A small percentage will experience moderate levels of secondary stress, especially if the event involved multiple fatalities, but this will be relatively transient. The approach to training and preparation used for the post-bushfire field interviews is probably adequate, but needs to be evaluated more rigorously.
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    • "Anxiety and Stress Scale (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995) was used to assess emotional distress in the previous week in three subcat- Table 5 "
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    ABSTRACT: The influences of globalization have permeated various aspects of life in contemporary society, from technical innovations, economic development, and lifestyles, to communication patterns. The present research proposed a construct termed global orientation to denote individual differences in the psychological processes of acculturating to the globalizing world. It encompasses multicultural acquisition as a proactive response and ethnic protection as a defensive response to globalization. Ten studies examined the applicability of global orientations among majority and minority groups, including immigrants and sojourners, in multicultural and relatively monocultural contexts, and across Eastern and Western cultures. Multicultural acquisition is positively correlated with both independent and interdependent self-construals, bilingual proficiency and usage, and dual cultural identifications. Multicultural acquisition is promotion-focused, while ethnic protection is prevention-focused and related to acculturative stress. Global orientations affect individuating and modest behavior over and above multicultural ideology, predict overlap with outgroups over and above political orientation, and predict psychological adaptation, sociocultural competence, tolerance, and attitudes toward ethnocultural groups over and above acculturation expectations/strategies. Global orientations also predict English and Chinese oral presentation performance in multilevel analyses and the frequency and pleasantness of intercultural contact in cross-lagged panel models. We discuss how the psychological study of global orientations contributes to theory and research on acculturation, cultural identity, and intergroup relations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).
    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 08/2015; DOI:10.1037/a0039647 · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    • "The Cronbach Alpha coefficients for the PWBS, SWBS and SWLS were 0.84, 0.85 and 0.93 respectively. Mental illness was measured in the CSM using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995), which includes 21 questions across three subscales (depression, anxiety, stress) scored on a 4-point Likert scale (scores 0-3). The DASS-21 has demonstrated good psychometric properties (Henry & Crawford, 2005; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995). "
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    ABSTRACT: Narrow approaches to the conceptualisation and measurement of ‘mental health’ are regularly but inconsistently adopted in research and practice. For example, an exclusive focus on the identification of mental illness or mental wellbeing runs the risk of failing to detect individuals with low or high levels of the other, and does nothing to represent an individual’s level of complete mental health (i.e., taking both mental wellbeing and illness into account). The current study compared three approaches to the measurement of mental health regularly applied in the literature - an exclusive mental wellbeing / an exclusive mental illness / and a complete mental health approach – to determine if they produce similar outcomes. South Australian emerging adults were recruited (N=117; M=24.4 years, SD=0.75) and categorised into four mental health groups according to the Complete State Model (CSM; Keyes & Lopez, 2002) of mental health: flourishing (complete mental health), languishing or struggling (incomplete mental health or illness), or floundering (complete mental illness) and categories were compared. Results showed that the ‘mental health’ of the sample differed depending on the measurement approach used, and lend support to a complete mental health approach to better inform, develop, and target health promotion strategies.
    08/2015; nning, A., Winefield, H., & Crabb, S. Half Full or Half Empty: The Measurement of Mental Health and Mental Illness in Emerging Australian Adults. Social Inquiry into Well-Being, 1, 1-12.(1). DOI:10.13165/SIIW-15-1-1-01
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