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Manual for the Depression Anxiety, stress scales

Sydney
Publisher: Psychology Foundation
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    119th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association; 05/2015
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the current study was to evaluate a prevention program targeting unhelpful perfectionism and self-compassion, designed to prevent growth of negative affect (NA). Four schools participated in the research, where grade levels were allocated to either the intervention ("Healthy Minds") or the control condition (N = 688 individuals; mean age 14.90 years), and assessments occurred at baseline, post-intervention, and 6- and 12-month follow-up. There were no significant between group differences at post-intervention but at 6-month follow-up the intervention group had significantly lower unhelpful perfectionism, self-criticism and NA than the controls. Only significant between-group differences in unhelpful perfectionism were retained at 12-month follow-up (Cohen's d = .24). Examination of the sub-group lower in NA at baseline showed the intervention group was significantly less likely to have elevated NA at 6-month follow-up than controls, indicating a prevention effect. The effects obtained in the current study provide support for the utility of a perfectionism intervention for reducing transdiagnostic outcomes, including unhelpful perfectionism, self-judgment, and NA, and preventing the growth of NA. Ways of producing longer terms effects for NA need to be further investigated, as does the impact of the intervention on different types of psychopathology. ACTRN12614000650695. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Behaviour Research and Therapy 02/2015; 67C:55-63. DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2015.02.007 · 3.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) impairs emotion perception. Perception of negative emotions (sadness, disgust, fear, and anger) is reportedly affected more than positive (happiness and surprise) ones. It has been argued that this reflects a specialized neural network underpinning negative emotions that is vulnerable to brain injury. However, studies typically do not equate for differential difficulty between emotions. We aimed to examine whether emotion recognition deficits in people with TBI were specific to negative emotions, while equating task difficulty, and to determine whether perception deficits might be accounted for by other cognitive processes. Method: Twenty-seven people with TBI and 28 matched control participants identified 6 basic emotions at 2 levels of intensity (a) the conventional 100% intensity and (b) "equated intensity"-that is, an intensity that yielded comparable accuracy rates across emotions in controls. Results: (a) At 100% intensity, the TBI group was impaired in recognizing anger, fear, and disgust but not happiness, surprise, or sadness and performed worse on negative than positive emotions. (b) At equated intensity, the TBI group was poorer than controls overall but not differentially poorer in recognizing negative emotions. Although processing speed and nonverbal reasoning were associated with emotion accuracy, injury severity by itself was a unique predictor. Conclusions: When task difficulty is taken into account, individuals with TBI show impairment in recognizing all facial emotions. There was no evidence for a specific impairment for negative emotions or any particular emotion. Impairment was accounted for by injury severity rather than being a secondary effect of reduced neuropsychological functioning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).
    Neuropsychology 02/2015; DOI:10.1037/neu0000171 · 3.43 Impact Factor