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Bleaching Miscanthus x giganteus Acetosolv pulps with hydrogen peroxide/acetic acid. Part 1: Behaviour in aqueous alkaline media

Department of Physical Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.
Bioresource Technology (Impact Factor: 5.04). 02/2009; 100(20):4731-4735. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.04.052

ABSTRACT Miscanthus x giganteus bark samples subjected to fractionation by the Acetosolv process under optimal conditions were bleached using hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid in aqueous media under alkaline conditions. The influence of the main operational variables in the bleaching of Acetosolv pulps of M. x giganteus (i.e. hydrogen peroxide concentration, 3–7%; temperature, 55–75 ºC; pH 9–11), obtained after treatments, have been assessed on pulp yield, kappa number, viscosity and brightness of bleached pulps. For this purpose, a rotatable and orthogonal second-order factorial design of experiments was used, in order to identify the optimum operating conditions. The obtained empirical mathematical models demonstrate that, in general, the bleaching was efficient, achieving pulps with kappa numbers below 10. The chemical composition and physicochemical properties of the bleached pulps fulfilled the requirements for forthcoming bleaching stages. Moreover, an alkaline extraction stage to eliminate saponifiable groups of Acetosolv pulps was studied, as well as the necessity of use chelating agents in the stage with hydrogen peroxide.

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