Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia-Causing Mutations in Amish and Mennonite Communities
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To determine whether individuals with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) from unrelated Amish and Mennonite families harbor a single and unique founder mutation. STUDY DESIGN: Subjects from Amish and Mennonite communities in several states were enrolled in the study. All subjects were clinically characterized, and nasal nitric oxide levels were measured. Nasal epithelial scrapings were collected from several subjects for ciliary ultrastructural analyses. DNA was isolated from patients with PCD and their unaffected first- and second-degree relatives. Genome-wide homozygosity mapping, linkage analyses, targeted mutation analyses, and exome sequencing were performed. RESULTS: All subjects from Old-Order Amish communities from Pennsylvania were homozygous for a nonsense mutant DNAH5 allele, c.4348C>T (p.Q1450X). Two affected siblings from an unrelated Mennonite family in Arkansas were homozygous for the same nonsense DNAH5 mutation. Children with PCD from an Amish family from Wisconsin had biallelic DNAH5 mutations, c.4348C>T (p.Q1450X) and c.10815delT (p.P3606HfsX23), and mutations in other genes associated with PCD were also identified in this community. CONCLUSION: The Amish and Mennonite subjects from geographically dispersed and socially isolated communities had the same founder DNAH5 mutation, owing to the common heritage of these populations. However, disease-causing mutations in other PCD-associated genes were also found in affected individuals in these communities, illustrating the genetic heterogeneity in this consanguineous population.
- SourceAvailable from: chestpubs.orgChest 02/1972; 61(1):56-61. · 7.13 Impact Factor
- Journal of Clinical Investigation 04/2002; 109(5):571-7. DOI:10.1172/JCI15217 · 13.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD, MIM 242650) is characterized by recurrent infections of the respiratory tract due to reduced mucociliary clearance and by sperm immobility. Half of the affected offspring have situs inversus (reversed organs), which results from randomization of left-right (LR) asymmetry. We previously localized to chromosome 5p a PCD locus containing DNAH5, which encodes a protein highly similar to the Chlamydomonas gamma-dynein heavy chain. Here we characterize the full-length 14-kb transcript of DNAH5. Sequence analysis in individuals with PCD with randomization of LR asymmetry identified mutations resulting in non-functional DNAH5 proteins.Nature Genetics 03/2002; 30(2):143-4. DOI:10.1038/ng817 · 29.65 Impact Factor