Outcomes of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Octogenarians
ABSTRACT Extremely elderly patients usually present with complicated gallstone disease and are less likely to undergo definitive treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in octogenarians, with an interest in patients presenting initially with complicated gallstone disease and pancreatitis who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy during the same hospitalization.
Data for 42 patients > or = 80 years who underwent an elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy between January 2007 and August 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Indications for the procedure were stratified into 2 groups: Outpatients, who were admitted electively to undergo cholecystectomy, and Inpatients, who came to our Emergency Room due to complicated biliary diseases. Data analysis included age, sex, ASA score, conversion to open surgery, time spent under general anesthesia, and length of hospital stay.
Mean age was 83.9 years; 19 (45.2%) were men. Thirteen patients (30.9%) were in the outpatient group, and 13 (30.9%) had a preoperative ASA of 3. Fourteen patients (33.3%) needed ICU. Two patients (4.8%) had their surgery converted. There were 7 (16.7%) postoperative complications, all of them classified as Dindo-Clavien I or II. No differences were noted between groups regarding conversion rates or complications. We had no mortalities in this series. There was no difference in hospital length of stay between the groups.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the extremely elderly is safe, with acceptable morbidity. Patients with complicated gallstone disease seem not to have worse postoperative outcomes once the initial diagnosis is properly treated and would benefit from definitive therapy during the same hospitalization.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Luis Roberto Manzione Nadal, May 30, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Extremely elderly patients who present with complicated gallstone disease are less likely to undergo definitive treatment. The use of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in older patients is complicated by comorbid conditions that are concomitant with advanced age and may increase postoperative complications and the frequency of conversion to open surgery. We aimed to evaluate the results of LC in patients (older than 80 years). We retrospectively analyzed 302 patients who underwent LC for acute cholecystitis between January 2011 and December 2013. Total patients were divided into three groups: group 1 patients were younger than 65 years, group 2 patients were between 65 and 79 years, and group 3 patients were older than 80 years. Patient characteristics were compared between the different groups. The conversion rate was significantly higher in group 3 compared to that in the other groups. Hematoma in gallbladder fossa and intraoperative bleeding were higher in group 3, the difference was not significant. Wound infection was not different between the three groups. Operating time and postoperative hospital stay were significantly higher in group 3 compared to those in the other groups. There was no reported bile leakage and operative mortality. Preoperative percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography were performed more frequently in group 3 than in the other groups. LC is safe and feasible. It should be the gold-standard approach for extremely elderly patients with acute cholecystitis.03/2015; 88(3):145-51. DOI:10.4174/astr.2015.88.3.145
Article: Gallstone Pancreatitis: A Review.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Gallstone disease is the most common cause of acute pancreatitis in the Western world. In most cases, gallstone pancreatitis is a mild and self-limiting disease, and patients may proceed without complications to cholecystectomy to prevent future recurrence. Severe disease occurs in about 20% of cases and is associated with significant mortality; meticulous management is critical. A thorough understanding of the disease process, diagnosis, severity stratification, and principles of management is essential to the appropriate care of patients presenting with this disease. This article reviews these topics with a focus on surgical management, including appropriate timing and choice of interventions.Surgical Clinics of North America 04/2014; 94(2):257-280. DOI:10.1016/j.suc.2014.01.006 · 1.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the standard of treatment for gallstones disease and acute colecystitis. The prevalence of this disease increases with age and the population is aging in industrialized countries. So, in this study we report our experience in the treatment of gallstone disease in elderly patients, particularly analyzing the outcomes of laparoscopic approach. Methods: Between January 2010 and May 2014 we performed a total of 1227 cholecystectomies. In this retrospective study age group was the primary independent variable: 351 patients were 65-79 years of age and 65 were 80 years of age or older. Results: Only 65 patients (5.3%) of all population had primary open cholecystectomy, but the rate in young group was 3.7% respect the highest frequency (9.2%) in the elderly group. The conversion rate was higher (1.2%) in the older group but there was no significant difference with younger group. LC in emergency setting was performed in 10.3% of young patients and in 13.8% of elderly group. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a feasible and safe procedure in elderly patients and might be performed during the same hospitalization like definitive treatment of gallstone disease. The old age and subsequent comorbidity are the fundamental predictor of surgical outcomes. Elective treatment should be recommended when repeated gallstone symptoms have occurred in the elderly patient before the development of acute cholecystitis and related complications.International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 08/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.08.385 · 1.65 Impact Factor