A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Survival of Non-Feldspathic Porcelain Veneers Over 5 and 10 Years
ABSTRACT Purpose: This systematic review aimed to report and explore the survival of dental veneers constructed from non-feldspathic porcelain over 5 and 10 years. Materials and Methods: A total of 4,294 articles were identified through a systematic search involving all databases in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (OVID), EMBASE, Web of Knowledge, specific journals (hand-search), conference proceedings, clinical trials registers, and collegiate contacts. Articles, abstracts, and gray literature were sought by two independent researchers. There were no language limitations. One hundred sixteen studies were identified for full-text assessment, with 10 included in the analysis (5 qualitative, 5 quantitative). Study characteristics and survival (Kaplan-Meier estimated cumulative survival and 95% confidence interval [CI]) were extracted or recalculated. A failed veneer was one which required an intervention that disrupted the original marginal integrity, had been partially or completely lost, or had lost retention more than twice. A meta-analysis and sensitivity analysis of Empress veneers was completed, with an assessment of statistical heterogeneity and publication bias. Clinical heterogeneity was explored for results of all veneering materials from included studies. Results: Within the 10 studies, veneers were fabricated with IPS Empress, IPS Empress 2, Cerinate, and Cerec computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) materials VITA Mark I, VITA Mark II, Ivoclar ProCad. The meta-analysis showed the pooled estimate for Empress veneers to be 92.4% (95% CI: 89.8% to 95.0%) for 5-year survival and 66% to 94% (95% CI: 55% to 99%) for 10 years. Data regarding other non-feldspathic porcelain materials were lacking, with only a single study each reporting outcomes for Empress 2, Cerinate, and various Cerec porcelains over 5 years. The sensitivity analysis showed data from one study had an influencing and stabilizing effect on the 5-year pooled estimate. Conclusion: The long-term outcome (> 5 years) of non-feldspathic porcelain veneers is sparsely reported in the literature. This systematic review indicates that the 5-year cumulative estimated survival for etchable non-feldspathic porcelain veneers is over 90%. Outcomes may prove clinically acceptable with time, but evidence remains lacking and the use of these materials for veneers remains experimental.
- SourceAvailable from: Michael J Metz[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: During their education, dental students seek to be involved in comprehensive esthetic treatment for the rehabilitation of lost, damaged, or discolored tooth structure. Due to technological advances and patient exposure to dental advertising, recent dental school graduates can find themselves under great expectations with limited clinical experience. With the implementation of an oral health and rehabilitation department at the University of Louisville Dental School, dental students have the opportunity to plan treatment and treat such patients under the supervision of faculty with advanced training in prosthodontics and restorative dentistry. The work flow of multiple consecutive lithium disilicate ceramic prostheses using a digital impression, virtual CAD/CAM design, and milled fabrication as planned and executed by a senior dental student is presented.Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 04/2015; 113(4):282–288. DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.10.003 · 1.42 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: PurposeThe aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term dental implant survival rates of Straumann dental implants in a university hospital environment over 12 to 23 years.Materials and MethodsA total of 388 Straumann dental implants with titanium-sprayed surfaces (TPS) were inserted in 92 patients between 1988 and 1999 in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein in Kiel, and they were reevaluated with standardized clinical and radiological exams. Kaplan–Meier analyses were performed for individual factors. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to detect the factors influencing long-term implant failure.ResultsThe long-term implant survival rate was 88.03% after an observation time of 12.2 to 23.5 years. Cox regression revealed statistically significant influences of the International Team for Implantology (ITI) implantation type (p = .00354) and tobacco smoking (p = .01264) on implant failure. A proportion 82.8% of the patients with implant losses had a medical history of periodontitis. Peri-implantitis was diagnosed in 9.7% of the remaining implants in the long-term survey.Conclusions This study emphasized the long-term rehabilitation capabilities of Straumann dental implants in complex cases. The survival rates after several years constitute important information for patients, as well as for clinicians, in deciding about different concepts of tooth replacement. Patient-related and technical factors – determined before implant placement – could help to predict the risk of implant loss.Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research 04/2015; DOI:10.1111/cid.12334 · 2.80 Impact Factor