Inter- and Intratester Reliability of Anthropometric Assessment of Limb Circumference in Labrador Retrievers
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To report a standardized method of, and determine inter- and intratester reliability for, anthropometric assessment of limb circumference in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective blinded study. ANIMALS: Labrador Retrievers (n = 20). METHOD: Unsedated dogs were manually restrained in lateral recumbency and triplicate measurements of limb circumference at the level of the proximal antebrachium, mid brachium, proximal crus, and mid-thigh were made using the Gulick II tape measure in the morning and afternoon of the same day. Observers were blinded to measurements made during each occasion and those made by co-observers. Estimates of inter- and intratester reliability were made for first and mean measurements using intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC). RESULTS: Measurements of the proximal antebrachium were made with moderate to fair intratester reliability by all observers with ICC's ranging from 0.68-0.78 (1st measurement) and 0.67-0.78 (mean measurement), and moderate to fair intertester reliability with ICC's of 0.66-0.68 (1st measurement) and 0.70-0.72 (mean measurement). Measurements of the brachium, crus, and thigh typically had poor inter- and intratester reliability, ICC < 0.5. CONCLUSION: Using the described method of muscle measurement in Labrador Retrievers only measurement of the proximal antebrachium was reliable; a single (1st) measurement was as reliable as using the mean of triplicate measurements.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objectives To report short- and long-term outcomes after arthroscopic treatment in young large breed dogs affected by medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) and identify variables affecting outcome.Study DesignProspective observational case series.AnimalsLarge breed dogs <3 years old (n = 15; 23 elbows).MethodsMCPD was confirmed by radiography, computed tomography, and arthroscopy. Dogs were treated by arthroscopy. Variables recorded at time of treatment included radioulnar incongruity (RUI) and degree of cartilage erosion. Variables recorded before, 6 weeks, and ≥23 months after surgery included radiographic score for osteoarthritis, trochlear notch sclerosis, muscle circumference, range of motion (ROM), and the load distribution of vertical ground reaction forces between thoracic and pelvic limbs.ResultsA greater load distribution to the pelvic limbs was identified preoperatively in dogs with RUI than in dogs with congruent elbows. Load distribution was not significantly improved at 6 weeks compared with preoperatively. Muscle circumference and vertical impulse distributions were improved at long-term evaluation despite an increased osteoarthritis score. This improvement was more obvious in dogs with RUI or a high degree of cartilage erosion at initial presentation.Conclusion Some evidence of improvement in long-term function was found in dogs with MCPD after arthroscopic treatment. RUI and cartilage erosion at the time of diagnosis were associated with more lameness preoperatively but did not affect the final gait assessment or osteoarthritis score in this small cohort.Veterinary Surgery 08/2014; 43(8). DOI:10.1111/j.1532-950X.2014.12255.x · 0.99 Impact Factor