Inter- and Intratester Reliability of Anthropometric Assessment of Limb Circumference in Labrador Retrievers
Department of Clinical Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. Veterinary Surgery
(Impact Factor: 1.04).
03/2013; 42(3). DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2013.01102.x
OBJECTIVE: To report a standardized method of, and determine inter- and intratester reliability for, anthropometric assessment of limb circumference in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective blinded study. ANIMALS: Labrador Retrievers (n = 20). METHOD: Unsedated dogs were manually restrained in lateral recumbency and triplicate measurements of limb circumference at the level of the proximal antebrachium, mid brachium, proximal crus, and mid-thigh were made using the Gulick II tape measure in the morning and afternoon of the same day. Observers were blinded to measurements made during each occasion and those made by co-observers. Estimates of inter- and intratester reliability were made for first and mean measurements using intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC). RESULTS: Measurements of the proximal antebrachium were made with moderate to fair intratester reliability by all observers with ICC's ranging from 0.68-0.78 (1st measurement) and 0.67-0.78 (mean measurement), and moderate to fair intertester reliability with ICC's of 0.66-0.68 (1st measurement) and 0.70-0.72 (mean measurement). Measurements of the brachium, crus, and thigh typically had poor inter- and intratester reliability, ICC < 0.5. CONCLUSION: Using the described method of muscle measurement in Labrador Retrievers only measurement of the proximal antebrachium was reliable; a single (1st) measurement was as reliable as using the mean of triplicate measurements.
Available from: Alejandro E. Relling
- ") and points of reference (Smith et al., 2013). "
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in heart rate, cardiac size and muscle mass in healthy dogs during an aerobic training program. Dogs (n=9) had 10-min treadmill sessions twice a week for 12 weeks. Data were analyzed as repeated measures (SAS 9.0). Vertebral heart score (P<0.05) and left and right thigh circumferences (P<0.01) increased progressively, suggesting an adaptive response of dogs to aerobic treadmill training. We concluded that changes in cardiac size and muscle mass are usefulcan help to assess the effect of aerobic training in dogs.
04/2014; 4(9). DOI:10.5455/jva.20140928032020
Available from: Dominique Griffon
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To report short- and long-term outcomes after arthroscopic treatment in young large breed dogs affected by medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) and identify variables affecting outcome.Study DesignProspective observational case series.AnimalsLarge breed dogs <3 years old (n = 15; 23 elbows).MethodsMCPD was confirmed by radiography, computed tomography, and arthroscopy. Dogs were treated by arthroscopy. Variables recorded at time of treatment included radioulnar incongruity (RUI) and degree of cartilage erosion. Variables recorded before, 6 weeks, and ≥23 months after surgery included radiographic score for osteoarthritis, trochlear notch sclerosis, muscle circumference, range of motion (ROM), and the load distribution of vertical ground reaction forces between thoracic and pelvic limbs.ResultsA greater load distribution to the pelvic limbs was identified preoperatively in dogs with RUI than in dogs with congruent elbows. Load distribution was not significantly improved at 6 weeks compared with preoperatively. Muscle circumference and vertical impulse distributions were improved at long-term evaluation despite an increased osteoarthritis score. This improvement was more obvious in dogs with RUI or a high degree of cartilage erosion at initial presentation.Conclusion
Some evidence of improvement in long-term function was found in dogs with MCPD after arthroscopic treatment. RUI and cartilage erosion at the time of diagnosis were associated with more lameness preoperatively but did not affect the final gait assessment or osteoarthritis score in this small cohort.
Veterinary Surgery 08/2014; 43(8). DOI:10.1111/j.1532-950X.2014.12255.x · 1.04 Impact Factor
Available from: Karen L Perry
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Certain postoperative wounds are recognised to be associated with more complications than others and may be termed high-risk. Wound healing can be particularly challenging following high-energy trauma where wound necrosis and infection rates are high. Surgical incision for joint arthrodesis can also be considered high-risk as it requires extensive and invasive surgery and postoperative distal limb swelling and wound dehiscence are common. Recent human literature has investigated the use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) over high-risk closed surgical incisions and beneficial effects have been noted including decreased drainage, decreased dehiscence and decreased infection rates. In a randomised, controlled study twenty cases undergoing distal limb high-energy fracture stabilisation or arthrodesis were randomised to NPWT or control groups. All cases had a modified Robert-Jones dressing applied for 72 h postoperatively and NPWT was applied for 24 h in the NPWT group. Morphometric assessment of limb circumference was performed at six sites preoperatively, 24 and 72 h postoperatively. Wound discharge was assessed at 24 and 72 h. Postoperative analgesia protocol was standardised and a Glasgow Composite Measure Pain Score (GCPS) carried out at 24, 48 and 72 h. Complications were noted and differences between groups were assessed.
Percentage change in limb circumference between preoperative and 24 and 72 h postoperative measurements was significantly less at all sites for the NPWT group with exception of the joint proximal to the surgical site and the centre of the operated bone at 72 h. Median discharge score was lower in the NPWT group than the control group at 24 h. No significant differences in GCPS or complication rates were noted.
Digital swelling and wound discharge were reduced when NPWT was employed for closed incision management. Larger studies are required to evaluate whether this will result in reduced discomfort and complication rates postoperatively.
BMC Veterinary Research 01/2015; 2015(11):279. DOI:10.1186/s12917-015-0593-4 · 1.78 Impact Factor
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