Vitamin D, Vitamin A, Maternal-Perinatal Considerations: Old Concepts, New Insights, New Questions

National Center for Child and Adolescent Health (CeNSIA), Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: .
The Journal of pediatrics (Impact Factor: 3.79). 03/2013; 162(3 Suppl):S26-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.11.050
Source: PubMed


Vitamins A and D are essential nutrients that play important roles in growth and development. Preterm and low birth weight infants have low levels of these nutrients and are at risk for developing detrimental health consequences associated with vitamin A and vitamin D deficiencies. Preliminary data suggest that vitamin A and D supplementation is needed to prevent deficiency. More work is needed to define optimal doses, timing, and modes of administration to ensure that an adequate supply of these vitamins is available to meet the critical needs during pregnancy and in high-risk neonates.

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    ABSTRACT: Vitamin D and fluoride are two typical examples of dietary supplements given to infants, children and adolescents. They allow to prevent specific diseases as rickets and dental caries, respectively, but questions have been suggested about adequate dosages and risk of excess. Neonates, particularly preterm, are a special risk class because of possible nutritional deficiency during hospitalization and post-discharge.
    Early Human Development 10/2013; 89:S121-S122. DOI:10.1016/S0378-3782(13)70126-9 · 1.79 Impact Factor
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