Article

# On the dynamic stability of a cantilever under tangential follower force according to Timoshenko beam theory

Institute of Mechanics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 4, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Journal of Sound and Vibration (Impact Factor: 1.61). 01/2008; 311:1431-1437. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsv.2007.10.005 - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Flexible behaviors in new aerospace structures can lead to a degradation of their control and guidance system and undesired performance. The objectives of the current work are to analyze the vibration resulting from the propulsion force on a Single Stage to Orbit (SSTO) launch vehicle (LV). This is modeled as a follower force on a free-free Euler-Bernoulli beam consisting of two concentrated masses at the two free ends. Once the effects on the oscillation of the actuators are studied, a solution to reduce these oscillations will also be developed. To pursue this goal, the stability of the beam model is studied using Ritz method. It is determined that the transverse and rotary inertia of the concentrated masses cause a change in the critical follower force. A new dynamic model and an adaptive control system for an SSTO LV have been developed that allow the aerospace structure to run on its maximum bearable propulsion force with the optimum effects on the oscillation of its actuators. Simulation results show that such a control model provides an effective way to reduce the undesirable oscillations of the actuators.Structural Engineering & Mechanics 01/2013; 47(2). · 0.80 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**In this paper a free-free uniform beam with damping effects subjected to follower and transversal forces at its end is considered as a model for a space structure. The effect of damping on the stability of the system is first investigated and the effects of the follower and transversal forces on the vibration of the beam are shown next. Proportional damping model is used in this work, hence, the effects of both internal (material) and external (viscous fluid) damping on the system are noted. In order to derive the frequency of the system, the Ritz method has been used. The mode shapes of the system must therefore be extracted. The Newmark method is utilized in the study of the system vibration. The results show that an increase in the follower and transversal forces leads to an increase of the vibrational motion of the beam which is not desirable.Structural Engineering & Mechanics 01/2009; 33(6). · 0.80 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Axial deformation is not involved in the formulation of linear buckling caused by axial force. Likewise, twisting is not present in linear buckling caused by axial torque. The dynamic axial–torsional buckling of structural frames in the presence of follower axial force will be solved by means of dynamic stiffness using power series. Variationally consistent natural boundary conditions are given so that the resulting dynamic stiffness is symmetrical for conservative loading. Some parts of the boundary forces disappeared for follower axial forces due to consistent tangency to the neutral axis. The deficiency of the power series method to deal with non-uniform sections is highlighted. New instability phenomena for a simple column are studied in detail. It is shown that columns can buckle under direct follower tension. Follower tension decreases the natural frequency initially and then increases it rapidly after a turning point. The first pair of modes about the major axis and that about the minor axis of a rectangular section column meet at one crossing point. A very small axial torque will change the crossing into flutter-like tongues. These tongues are common in compressive follower force. These tongues caused by axial torque are reported here for the first time.International Journal of Mechanical Sciences - INT J MECH SCI. 01/2009; 51(11):807-815.

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