ABSTRACT Abstract: Chilli (capscicum annuam L.) is most widely used and universal spice of India. The study was
conducted in Achalpur tahsil of Amravati district of Maharashtra in India.. Total four villages and twenty
farmers from each village 80 farmers were selected randomly as sample size. Data used were pertaining
to the period 2009-10. Economic analysis of data indicated that Cost ‘C’ was found to Rs. 40541.72, Rs. 42811.07
and Rs. 53421.29 per acre for small, medium and large farmers respectively. Net returns over cost ‘C’ was
Rs. 19329.52, Rs. 24114.79 and Rs. 21400.51 per acre and input-output ratio at cost ‘C’ was 1:1.48, 1:1.56 and
1:1.40 for small, medium and large farmers respectively.

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    • "Economic Affairs of input use and technology adoption, low draft power availability (Mayande and Katyal 1996), inadequate fodder availability, low productive livestock, poor mechanisation (Jagtap et al., 2012), excess labour use (Rajur et al., 2008), resource poor farmers, greater livelihood vulnerability (Ashok and Sasikala 2012), inadequate credit availability and outmigration (Murali et al., 2012). Irrespective of states, drought and extreme rainfall affect crop yield in rainfed regions and effect of drought is severe than rainfall variations (Auffhammer et al., 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: Resource endowments specific to a given agrarian region determine pattern of input use and efficiency, thereby costs and returns involved in crop production. Scarcity of water is the foremost factor that critically limits the economic potential and restricts a farmer from maximising his output; thereby profit, despite the role of other factors like seeds, manures, fertilizers etc. Using Cobb-Douglas production function, we examined the influence of such factors on output of chilli in two different production conditions, namely irrigated and rainfed, within a dry land agricultural system by using primary data. Results revealed that number of irrigation significantly increased chilli output. Factors like seeds, manures, fertilizers and plant protection chemicals also had significant positive impact, with varying degrees under irrigated and rainfed conditions. Still, inefficiency was observed in resource use, particularly in labour (in both conditions) and seed-rate (in rainfed condition). Costs and prices realised were higher in irrigation crop production, which ultimately resulted in increased returns. Shortage of agricultural labourers, high wage rates, excess rain during harvest but paucity of water at seed germination and early growth stages followed by pest and disease incidences were critical constraints in chilli production.
    Economic Affairs 12/2013; 58(4):349-355. DOI:10.5958/J.0976-4666.58.4.018
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    ABSTRACT: Chilli anthracnose is a major problem in India and worldwide. In this study, we investigated the phylogenetic relationships of 52 fungal isolates associated with chilli anthracnose in southern India. All the 52 isolates were sequenced for partial ITS/5.8S rRNA and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gapdh) genes and showed affinities with Colletotrichum siamense and C. fructicola within Colletotrichum. gloeosporioides species complex. Further, a reduced subset of 17 selected isolates was made and in a maximum parsimony analysis of a multigene data-set including partial ITS/5.8S rRNA, actin (act), calmodulin (cal), chitin synthase (chs1), gapdh and β-tubulin (tub2) gene sequence data, these fungal isolates clustered with the type strain of C. fructicola, except for strain MTCC 3439 that showed phylogenetic affinities with C. siamense. The pathogenicity tests involving two representative isolates: UASB-Cg-14 and MTCC 3439, confirmed the involvement of C. fructicola and C. siamense in the development of disease symptoms on fresh chilli fruits. This is the first report of the association of C. fructicola and C. siamense in causing chilli anthracnose in India.
    Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 09/2013; 47(10). DOI:10.1080/03235408.2013.833749