Article

Factors Associated With Outcome After Superior Hypogastric Plexus Neurolysis in Cancer Patients

Departments of *Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine †Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore §Department of Anesthesiology, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD ‡Department of Pain Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH.
The Clinical journal of pain (Impact Factor: 2.7). 02/2013; 30(1). DOI: 10.1097/AJP.0b013e3182869d68
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:: Superior hypogastric plexus neurolysis (SHP-N) has been shown in uncontrolled studies to provide intermediate-term benefit in a majority of patients with pain secondary to genitourinary, gynecologic, and colorectal cancers. The purpose of this is to determine factors associated with treatment outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: Patients who underwent SHP-N after a positive prognostic block were identified based on diagnostic classification and procedural codes from databases at 2 large teaching hospitals. A host of demographic, clinical, and treatment factors were examined for their association with treatment success, which was defined as ≥50% pain relief lasting ≥1 month. RESULTS:: A total of 53.1% of 32 patients with sufficient medical records for analysis experienced a positive outcome. Those with a positive outcome were older (mean age 59.6 y, SD 13.1 vs. 47.8, SD 15.6; P=0.03), less likely to have pelvic pain (36.8% success rate, P=0.04), and more likely to have bladder cancer (88.9% success rate; P=0.01) than those with a negative outcome. In stratified analysis, female were more likely to have positive outcome if they did not have pelvic pain compared to those that did (P=0.008). This difference was not significant for males. DISCUSSION:: Selecting patients based on demographic and clinical variables may improve treatment outcomes for SHP-N. Larger, prospective studies are needed to confirm our results and better refine selection criteria better.

0 Followers
 · 
86 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neuropathic pain syndromes are commonly seen in clinical practice and are frequently used as pain models in testing new therapies. However, no pain scale exists with the primary purpose to measure pain in neuropathic syndromes. This paper describes the development and preliminary validation of the Neuropathic Pain Scale (NPS), which is designed to assess distinct pain qualities associated with neuropathic pain. Results support the discriminant and predictive validity of the NPS items. Moreover, the NPS items appear to be sensitive to treatments known to impact neuropathic pain. These findings provide support for the further development of the NPS.
    Neurology 03/1997; 48(2):332-8. DOI:10.1212/WNL.48.2.332 · 8.30 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neurolytic celiac plexus block (NCPB) is an effective way of treating severe pain in some patients with pancreatic malignancy. However, there are no studies to date that evaluate the effectiveness of NCPB related to the site of primary pancreas cancer. The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of NCPB in pancreatic cancer pain, depending on the location of the pancreatic tumor. The prospective study was conducted in 50 consecutive patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. The patients were categorized into two different groups depending on tumor localization: group 1: patients with the cancer of the head of the pancreas and group 2: patients with the cancer of the body and tail of the pancreas. The qualitative and quantitative pain analyses were performed before and after NCPB. The patients underwent prognostic celiac plexus block with bupivacaine, followed by neurolysis during fluoroscopic control within the next 24 h. After NCPB, 37 patients (74%) had effective pain relief during the first 3 months or until death. Of the 37 patients who had effective pain relief, 33 (92%) were from group 1 and 4 (29%) were from group 2. In the remaining 13 patients (3 patients from group 1 and 10 patients from group 2), pain relief after NCPB was not satisfactory. Those patients were scheduled for repeated retrocrural neurolysis during computed tomography control. Computed tomography showed massive growth of the tumor around the celiac axis with metastases. After repeated neurolysis, pain relief clinically still was not satisfactory, necessitating additional opioid treatment. In this study, unilateral transcrural celiac plexus neurolysis has been shown to provide effective pain relief in 74% of patients with pancreatic cancer pain. Neurolysis was more effective in cases with tumor involving the head of the pancreas. In the cases with advanced tumor proliferation, regardless of the technique used, the analgesic effects of NCPB were not satisfactory.
    Anesthesiology 03/2000; 92(2):347-54. DOI:10.1097/00000542-200002000-00014 · 6.17 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study describes the development and validation of a novel tool for identifying patients in whom neuropathic mechanisms dominate their pain experience. The Leeds assessment of neuropathic symptoms and signs (LANSS) Pain Scale is based on analysis of sensory description and bedside examination of sensory dysfunction, and provides immediate information in clinical settings. It was developed in two populations of chronic pain patients. In the first (n = 60), the use of sensory descriptors and questions were compared in patients with nociceptive and neuropathic pain, combined with an assessment of sensory function. This data was used to derive a seven item pain scale, consisting of grouped sensory description and sensory examination with a simple scoring system. The LANSS Pain Scale was validated in a second group of patients (n = 40) by assessing discriminant ability, internal consistency and agreement by independent raters. Clinical and research applications of the LANSS Pain Scale are discussed.
    Pain 06/2001; 92(1-2):147-57. DOI:10.1016/S0304-3959(00)00482-6 · 5.84 Impact Factor