Neuromuscular, hormonal, and metabolic responses to different plyometric training volumes in rugby players

1Exercise Research Laboratory, Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil 2Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarre, Navarre, Spain 3Federal University of Vale do Rio São Francisco.
The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (Impact Factor: 2.08). 02/2013; 27(11). DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31828c32de
Source: PubMed


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different volumes of plyometric exercise (i.e., 100, 200, or 300 hurdle jumps) on acute strength and jump performance as well as on the acute hormonal and lactate responses in rugby players. Eleven young male elite rugby players (age, 23.5 ± 0.9 years; height, 173 ± 4.8 cm) volunteered for the study. Maximal isometric peak torque (PT), maximal rate of force development (RFD), and squat jump (SJ) and drop jump (DP) performance were assessed before and 5 minutes, 8 hours, and 24 hours after 100, 200, or 300 jumps. In addition, total testosterone, cortisol, and lactate were measure before and after the three different plyometric exercise volumes. There were significant decreases in the PT (P<0.02) and maximal RFD (P<0.001) 5 minutes, 8 hours, and 24 hours after 100, 200 and 300 jumps, with no differences between the exercise volumes. Additionally, there were significant decreases in the SJ (P<0.001) and DJ (P<0.01) performances 24 hours after 100, 200, and 300 jumps, with no differences between the exercise volumes. However, there were significant increases in the total testosterone (P<0.001), cortisol (P<0.05), and lactate (P<0.001) after 100, 200, and 300 jumps, with no differences between the exercise volumes. All plyometric exercise volumes (100, 200, and 300 jumps) resulted in similar neuromuscular, metabolic, and hormonal responses.

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