Depression Associated with Dysembryoblastic Neuroepithelial Tumor
ABSTRACT Dysembryoblastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNET), a benign, rare tumor of the brain, commonly presents with generalized or partial epilepsy, post-epilepsy sequelae of psychotic, depressive or anxiety symptoms or disorders, or is usually asymptomatic. We report the first case in scientific literature of temporal lobe DNET presenting with only major depressive disorder, without epilepsy. A 24-year-old single male, presented with pervasive sadness, easy fatigability, loss of interest in his daily activities, decreasing appetite associated with poor of quality sleep, poor attention and concentration, pessimism about the future, and headaches. He was diagnosed with severe depression, without psychotic symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a lobulated hyperintense temporal lobe mass of 2.7 × 2.2 mm in the hippocampus region suggestive of a DNET. Electroencephalography, thyroid function tests, blood sugar, and electrocardiogram were normal. The depression responded well to tablet Escitalopram 10 mg once daily initially, with no adverse effects reported.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Elevated levels of glucocorticoids in depression have been hypothesized to be associated with damage to the hippocampus, a brain area involved in learning and memory. The purpose of this study was to measure hippocampal volume in patients with depression. METHOD: Magnetic resonance imaging was used to measure the volume of the hippocampus in 16 patients with major depression in remission and 16 case-matched nondepressed comparison subjects. RESULTS: Patients with depression had a statistically significant 19% smaller left hippocampal volume than comparison subjects, without smaller volumes of comparison regions (amygdala, caudate, frontal lobe, and temporal lobe) or whole brain volume. The findings were significant after brain size, alcohol exposure, age, and education were controlled for. CONCLUSIONS: These findings are consistent with smaller left hippocampal volume in depression.American Journal of Psychiatry 01/2000; 157(1-1):115-8. DOI:10.1176/ajp.157.1.115 · 13.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT) frequently causes medically intractable epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate the basic mechanism of epileptogenecity of the tumor. Clinicopathological data in 13 cases of DNT and immunohistochemical changes of ionotropic glutamate receptor subunits in the tumor and peritumoral epileptogenic cortex were studied. Magnetic resonance imaging combined with electroencephalography (EEG), electrocorticography, and depth-electrode EEG was valuable to localize complicated epileptogenic zones of the patients with DNT. Neuropathological examinations of the peritumoral cerebral cortex presenting abnormal spikes showed different histopathological grades of neuronal migration disorder (NMD). The tumor cells in DNT disclosed increased immunopositivities of N-methyl-D: -aspartate receptor 1 (NR1) and NR2A/B, and peritumoral epileptogenic NMD revealed increased immunopositivities of GluR2 and GluR3. The amplification of ionotropic glutamate receptor subunits in the tumor and peritumoral NMD may be the underlying cause of epileptic seizures in DNT patients.Child s Nervous System 01/2007; 22(12):1611-8. DOI:10.1007/s00381-006-0162-z · 1.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate CT and MRI features and long term imaging follow-up of a large series of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNTS). We retrospectively analyzed CT (100%) and MR imaging (83%) findings of 53 patients with complex (n = 14), simple (n = 6) or non specific histological forms (n = 33) of DNTS. All patients underwent epilepsy surgery for the treatment of drug resistant partial seizures. Preoperative radiological follow-up from two to 10 years (81%) and a post-operative follow-up from one to 13 years (92%) were available. DNTs are intracortical tumors with no mass effect and no peritumoral edema. An associated deformity of the overlying skull was observed in 44% of the 34 patients with a cortical lesion of the convexity. We found a contrast enhancement of the lesion in 21% of cases, a calcic hyperdensity in 36% of cases and a cystic part in 7.5% of cases. DNTs were hypodense (82%) on CT examinations and had a decreased signal on the T1 Weighted Images (95%) and a hypersignal in T2 Weighted Images (100%) on MR imaging. Eighty-one percent of patients had a mean preoperative radiological follow-up of four years and the tumor was stable in size in all cases; 92% of patients had a mean post-operative radiological follow-up of 4.5 years and no recurrence was seen. Three radiological features of DNTs are helpful for the diagnosis: cortical location, absence of mass effect and no surrounding edema. Clinical, radiological and histopathological findings have to be considered together in order to assess the diagnosis and to differentiate DNTs, which are stable lesions from gliomas.Journal of Neuroradiology 01/2002; 28(4):230-40. · 1.13 Impact Factor