[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
To identify a set of clinically useful outcome measures for assessment of adults receiving treatment for spasticity.
A Modified Delphi process was conducted. In Round 1, key areas of spasticity assessment and associated outcome measures were identified. In Round 2, participants were presented with reviews of eligible outcome measures and were asked to select the tool they believed to be the “best” in each area. Consensus was achieved if there was at least 70% agreement among participants. In Round 3, participants rated measures based on feasibility, ability to capture change and usefulness of information gained, for areas where consensus was not achieved in Round 2.
The Modified Delphi process was conducted online using Question Pro survey software.
Thirty-two clinicians from centres across Canada participated in this study.
Main Outcome Measures
Of 51 tools identified initially, 8 were selected. Tools related to body structure and function included the Visual Analog Scale, Manual muscle testing, Penn Spasm Frequency Scale and Goniometry. Activity level measures included the Berg Balance Scale, Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) and the FIM®. The Modified Caregiver Strain Index was selected for the assessment of caregiver burden, while GAS was selected for participation level outcomes.
A standardized set of outcome measures will assist with better documentation and standardization of assessment practices of clinicians who manage spasticity.
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 10/2014; 96(3). DOI:10.1016/j.apmr.2014.08.025 · 2.44 Impact Factor
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