Histopathologic Findings of Multifocal Pancreatic Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms on CT.
ABSTRACT The criteria for resection of solitary pancreatic side-branch intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) have been well described by the Sendai consensus statement. However, the management of multiple pancreatic cystic lesions is less certain, with no clear guidelines in the literature to date. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the histopathologic findings in pancreatic IPMNs in patients with multiple (≥ 4) pancreatic cysts.
The CT scans of all patients with a pathologically proven IPMN at our institution were reviewed, and a total of 52 patients with four or more pancreatic cysts were found. Each case was reviewed for the number of cysts and the presence of signs of invasive malignancy including a coexistent solid pancreatic mass, pancreatic ductal dilatation, and mural nodularity.
A total of 52 patients (19 men, 33 women; mean age, 71.8 years) were found to have multifocal IPMNs, defined as four or more cysts, on CT. Of these 52 patients, nine also had evidence of a solid pancreatic mass on CT. Retrospective review of the pathologic results for the remaining 43 patients (17 men, 26 women; mean age, 71.76 years) showed 18 cases of an IPMN with either high-grade dysplasia or a coexistent invasive carcinoma. Most important, 37% (7/19 patients) had no CT findings of an invasive malignancy according to the Sendai criteria (i.e., cysts ≥ 3 cm in the axial plane, main pancreatic ductal dilatation ≥ 6 mm, or mural nodularity within a cyst) but were found to have an IPMN with either high-grade dysplasia or invasive carcinoma. When the pancreas contained 10 or more cysts, high-grade dysplasia or invasive carcinoma tended to be more likely than low- or intermediate-grade dysplasia (odds ratio, 3.83; 95% CI, 0.87-16.8; p = 0.075).
The presence of multiple pancreatic cysts should be looked on with suspicion, particularly when there are a large number of cysts, even when none of the cysts individually meet the imaging criteria for resection according to the Sendai consensus recommendations. At the very least, these patients need to be followed very closely.
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ABSTRACT: Plasma proteomic experiments performed rapidly and economically using several of the latest high-resolution mass spectrometers were compared. Four quantitative hyperfractionated plasma proteomics experiments were analyzed in replicates by two AB SCIEX TripleTOF 5600 and three Thermo Scientific Orbitrap (Elite/LTQ-Orbitrap Velos/Q Exactive) instruments. Each experiment compared two iTRAQ isobaric-labeled immunodepleted plasma proteomes, provided as 30 labeled peptide fractions. 480 LC-MS/MS runs delivered >250 GB of data in two months. Several analysis algorithms were compared. At 1 % false discovery rate, the relative comparative findings concluded that the Thermo Scientific Q Exactive Mass Spectrometer resulted in the highest number of identified proteins and unique sequences with iTRAQ quantitation. The confidence of iTRAQ fold-change for each protein is dependent on the overall ion statistics (Mascot Protein Score) attainable by each instrument. The benchmarking also suggested how to further improve the mass spectrometry parameters and HPLC conditions. Our findings highlight the special challenges presented by the low abundance peptide ions of iTRAQ plasma proteome because the dynamic range of plasma protein abundance is uniquely high compared with cell lysates, necessitating high instrument sensitivity.Journal of Proteome Research 09/2013; · 5.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) are low-grade malignancies with an excellent prognosis, albeit with the potential for metastatic disease. This study details our institution's experience with the diagnosis and treatment of SPN, including clinical presentation, multimodality imaging findings, and potential predictors of aggressive tumor behavior. The institutional pathology database was searched through for all cases of SPN since 1988, yielding 51 patients. The electronic medical record was searched for clinical and demographic information regarding these patients, including age, sex, presenting symptoms, type of surgery, postoperative length of stay, tumor markers, and postsurgical follow-up. All available imaging data were reviewed, including those of 30 patients who underwent multidetector computed tomography, those of 9 patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), those of 3 patients who underwent conventional ultrasound, and those of 11 patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasound. A total of 84% of patients were females, with a mean age of only 33 years. Prognosis was excellent, with a mean follow-up of 3 years without recurrence. Only 1 of the 51 patients developed metastatic disease to the liver 8 years after the surgery. On computed tomography, lesions tended to be large (5.3 cm), well circumscribed (29/30), round/oval (20/30), and encapsulated (23/30). The lesions often demonstrated calcification (14/30) and typically resulted in no biliary or pancreatic ductal dilatation. The lesions ranged from completely cystic to completely solid. On MRI, the lesions often demonstrated a T2 hypointense or enhancing capsule (6/9) and demonstrated internal blood products (5/9). The lesions tended to be devoid of vascularity on conventional ultrasound. Ten patients were found to have "aggressive" histology at presentation (T3 tumor, nodal involvement, perineural invasion, or vascular invasion). No demographic, clinical, or multidetector computed tomographic imaging features were found to correlate with aggressive histology. Certain imaging features (eg, well-circumscribed mass with calcification, peripheral capsule, internal blood products, and lack of biliary/pancreatic ductal obstruction) on computed tomography and MRI are highly suggestive of the diagnosis of SPN, particularly when visualized in young female patients. However, it is not possible to predict aggressive histology on the basis of imaging findings, clinical presentation, or patient demographic features.Journal of computer assisted tomography 37(5):824-33. · 1.38 Impact Factor