The modifiable noncommunicable risk factors among an Iranian population
Department of Cardiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health (Impact Factor: 0.72). 09/2012; 43(5):1227-32.
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity and smoking play an important role in the high prevalence of NCDs. In this study we assessed the type and prevalence of NCD risk factors among an Iranian adult population. We conducted a cross sectional study of 500 men and 500 women, aged 15-65 years, selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling from urban areas of Isfahan, the second largest city in Iran. The prevalences of 8 risk factors were determined in this study: sedentary lifestyle (47.2%), overweight and obestity (body mass index > or = 25 kg/m2) (60.8%), hypertension (elevated systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure) (22%), low high density lipoprotein level (27.6%), high total cholesterol level (16.9%), high triglyceride level (22.1%) and high fasting blood sugar (7.6%). Sedentary life and overweight/obesity were common at all ages, especially among women. Given the high prevalence of NCD risk factors in the studied population, there is an urgent need for age-appropriate interventions to result in lifestyle changes to decrease the prevalence of NCD risk factors.
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ABSTRACT: Background: There are several studies about the positive relation between physical inactivity or low cardio respiratory fitness with development of metabolic syndrome (MS). In contrast, physical activity had favourable effects on all components of MS but the quantity and the frequency of physical activity necessary to produce this beneficial effect has not been defined as yet. The aim of this survey was to study the association of regular physical activity, measured by patient's estimation of walking time per day, with MS. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted as a part of Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP). Persons who had no component of MS were considered as reference group. Demographic data were collected by questionnaire. Relation between walking time and MS was evaluated by using logistic regression adjusted by age, sex, socioeconomic status (SES), life style and food item. Results: The study populations consisted of 4151 persons. Lower physical activity was associated with higher prevalence of MS (P < 0.001). There was a negative relation between the usual daily walking time and MS. Adjusted odds ratio for age groups, sex, SES, life style and food items (fat and oil, sweet and sweet drink, rice and bread, fried food) revealed that MS decreases with increasing walking time (P < 0.05) [OR = 0.70 (0.52-0.94)]. Conclusion: Total daily walking time is negatively associated with MS and increasing daily walking time is an effective way for preventing MS.Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association 03/2014; 55(1):29-33. DOI:10.4103/0300-1652.128156
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ABSTRACT: Obesity is one of the most important underlying risk factors for chronic disease. Dramatically increasing and following complication of obesity should be alerted to health politicians and practitioners to prevent associated health risks. This review aimed to give a better insight into the prevalence of obesity and overweight in different areas of Iran. All published internal (SID, Irandoc, Iranmedex), and international (Web of Knowledge, Pubmed, Scopus) source studies, reported the prevalence of overweight/obesity among normal population samples, during Jan 2005 through Jan 2014, were assessed in this review. Paper selection processes were done by two researchers separately. Studies which met the eligible criteria were included in this review. One hundred ninety three eligible studies enter into our review. Of 193 final selected studies, 86 (15 national, 71 sub national) of them were reported the prevalence of obesity/overweight in adult, and 107 studies (11 national, 96 sub national) in under-18 by individual. The range of overweight and obesity prevalence in national studies in adult, was 27.0-38.5 (95% CI: 26.8-27.1, 37.2-39.8), and 12.6-25.9 (95% CI: 12.2-13.0, 24.9-26.8), separately. In under-18 the range of overweight and obesity prevalence in national studies were 5.0-13.5 (95% CI: 4.5-5.5, 13.4-13.6), and 3.2-11.9 (95% CI: 3.0-3.4, 11.3-12.4). Obesity as an important public health problem has been discussed in recent few decades worldwide. Although the national reported prevalence of obesity in Iran was not considerably diverse, but remarkable differences were seen in the sub national prevalence which must be noticed more in political health programs especially among women and children.Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders 12/2014; 13(1):121. DOI:10.1186/s40200-014-0121-2
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ABSTRACT: Hypertension is an important cause of stroke, heart and kidney disease and these diseases are the cause for about two-thirds of all mortalities around the world. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, awareness and risk factors of hypertension in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran. In this descriptive-analytical study, 944 participants older than 20 years were enrolled. Systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mm Hg, diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg or the use of antihypertensive medication was considered as hypertension. Systolic BP = 140-159 mm Hg or diastolic BP = 90-99 mm Hg were defined as stage 1, and systolic BP ≥160 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥100 mm Hg were considered as stage 2 of hypertension. Systolic BP = 120-139 mm Hg and diastolic BP= 80-89 mm Hg were considered as prehypertensive state. The prevalence of hypertension in Ahvaz was 17.58% (95% CI: 15.28-20.14) (males; 45.8%, females; 54.2%). Age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension was 8.6%; age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of hypertension was 3.7%. Seventy-two cases (7.7%) were prehypertensive. The frequency of stage 1 hypertension was 10.8% and stage 2 was 5.7%. Among them, 53.6% were not aware of their disease and 22% of hypertensive cases were controlled. Logistic regression analysis showed that age, metabolic syndrome and family history of hypertension had significant relationship with hypertension. This study showed that, age, metabolic syndrome and family history of disease are risk factors of hypertension in Ahvaz population. About half of patients were unaware of their disease and about 20% had controlled BP.06/2015; 4(2):51-6. DOI:10.12861/jrip.2015.11
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