Child Maltreatment Series 1: Burden and Consequences of Child Maltreatment in High-Income Countries

Centre for Evidence-Based Child Health and MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK.
The Lancet (Impact Factor: 45.22). 01/2009; 373(9657):68-81. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61706-7
Source: PubMed


Child maltreatment remains a major public-health and social-welfare problem in high-income countries. Every year, about 4-16% of children are physically abused and one in ten is neglected or psychologically abused. During childhood, between 5% and 10% of girls and up to 5% of boys are exposed to penetrative sexual abuse, and up to three times this number are exposed to any type of sexual abuse. However, official rates for substantiated child maltreatment indicate less than a tenth of this burden. Exposure to multiple types and repeated episodes of maltreatment is associated with increased risks of severe maltreatment and psychological consequences. Child maltreatment substantially contributes to child mortality and morbidity and has longlasting effects on mental health, drug and alcohol misuse (especially in girls), risky sexual behaviour, obesity, and criminal behaviour, which persist into adulthood. Neglect is at least as damaging as physical or sexual abuse in the long term but has received the least scientific and public attention. The high burden and serious and long-term consequences of child maltreatment warrant increased investment in preventive and therapeutic strategies from early childhood.

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Article: Child Maltreatment Series 1: Burden and Consequences of Child Maltreatment in High-Income Countries

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    • "addition , very little is known about potential risk factors associated with PTSD in adults with ID . Based on studies with the general population and high - risk populations without disabilities , it can be assumed that the amount of traumatic experiences of different types ( child abuse , IPV ) plays a critical role for the development of PTSD ( Gilbert et al . , 2009 ; Catani and Ruck , 2012 ) . Recent evidence has proven that institutional child abuse , too , has a negative impact on the mental health of adult survivors ( Fitzpatrick et al . , 2010 ) and is related to a diagnosis of PTSD in adult life ( Lueger - Schuster et al . , 2014 ) . Yet , there is no research addressing the relationship betw"
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