Department of Plastic Surgery, Georgetown University Medical Center, 1st Floor PHC Building, 3800 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA.Clinics in plastic surgery (Impact Factor: 0.91). 02/2009; 36(1):105-15, vii; discussion 117. DOI: 10.1016/j.cps.2008.08.006
Primary augmentation/mastopexy is associated with a significantly higher complication rate than primary augmentation alone. Despite this, its popularity has steadily increased. This demand has led to the need for careful preoperative planning and surgical execution to minimize the most frequent complications. This article focuses on the authors' experience with the technical aspects of the procedure.
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ABSTRACT: Issues of poor circumareolar scars and asymmetry or malposition of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) are frequently associated with those breast reduction or pexy techniques that rely on an ample excision of skin around the areola, either alone or associated with a vertical scar in a circumvertical approach. To prevent such problems, in 2007 Hammond et al. introduced the "interlocking suture." The objective of this study was to demonstrate the true ability of this suture to reduce the common complications of periareolar surgery simply by managing the existing contrast between NAC centripetal and outer breast tegument centrifugal forces. By using finite element method (FEM) software, the NAC traditional interrupted stitches were compared with both round-block and interlocking sutures, and the skin strain in all three procedures was qualified. The contribution of circuitous stitches in the interlocking suture leads to a more advantageous distribution of forces. FEM analysis shows that the interlocking suture reduces skin stress on peripheral breast teguments by 14% compared to the round-block suture and by 15% compared to the traditional (radial) suture. When evaluating the areolar edge, the interlocking suture leads to a reduction in skin stress of 9.9% compared with traditional interrupted stitches. The efficient, long-lasting results of the interlocking suture are directly due to its unique design, which effectively reduces the tension between the NAC and breast tegument edges in periareolar surgery, thus improving the quality of the scar.Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 04/2011; 35(2):177-83. DOI:10.1007/s00266-010-9580-0 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Simultaneous augmentation mastopexy for moderately to severely ptotic breasts presents the challenge of determining how much excess skin should be removed after implant placement to create symmetry and provide for maximal skin tightening without compromising tissue vascularization. Simultaneous augmentation mastopexy involves invagination and tailor tacking of the excess skin after implant placement and then making a pattern around the tailor-tacked tissues for previsualization of the total area to be resected. This contrasts with first making a pattern for the mastopexy, resecting the skin, and then tailor tacking the tissues together. Over a 7-year period, 55 women had simultaneous augmentation mastopexy with this approach. Saline implants were placed in the subpectoral dual-plane position before the mastopexy was started. All surgeries were performed with the patient under general anesthesia, and the patients were discharged the same day. In a retrospective chart review, breast implant size, degree of preoperative asymmetry, length of procedure, and complications were recorded. The patient follow-up period ranged from 3 months to 7 years (median, 9 months). Symmetric, aesthetic results were achieved for all the patients. The range of saline implants used was 375-775 ml (average, 500 ml). Of the 55 women, 15 had two different size implants measuring at least 50 ml or larger, with the greatest size disparity in a patient being 225 ml (left breast, 700 ml; right breast, 475 ml). Six of the patients (10.9%) had small areas that healed by secondary intention, occurring mostly at the inferior junction of the inverted T. Only two patients (3.6%) had recurrence of breast ptosis, and only one patient (1.8%) had a mildly hypertrophic scar. There were no incidences of hematoma, infection, rippling, malposition of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC), NAC loss, capsular contraction, implant malposition, or dissatisfaction with implant size. The bilateral augmentation/mastopexy surgery time ranged from 2 h and 29 min to 4 h and 30 min (average, 3 h and 8 min). The described technique maximizes the amount of tissue to be resected in simultaneous augmentation mastopexy for moderately to severely ptotic breasts. Symmetry is more easily achieved with this approach regardless of the implant size used or the amount of skin to be resected. This technique minimizes the chance of tissue necrosis from devascularized skin edges. It also may shorten the inverted T scar and reduce the operative time.Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 08/2011; 36(2):349-54. DOI:10.1007/s00266-011-9796-7 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: INTRODUÇÃO: Mastopexia periareolar crescente com aumento mamário é uma técnica bem descrita para correção de ptoses mamárias classificadas com graus I e II de Regnault. O objetivo deste estudo é discutir os resultados obtidos utilizando essa técnica, com posicionamento do centro de implantes redondos abaixo do mamilo. MÉTODO: Ptoses de grau I foram corrigidas, em pacientes selecionadas, utilizando uma combinação de mastopexia crescente periareolar com aumento mamário utilizando implantes de gel de silicone redondos de perfil alto. As pacientes responderam a um questionário, classificando os resultados obtidos com a mamoplastia como pobres, satisfatórios ou bons. RESULTADOS: Foram estudadas 128 pacientes, que receberam implantes de silicone com volume médio de 308 ml. Foram observadas taxas de reoperação e de complicação de 9,4% e 8,6%, respectivamente. Oitenta e uma (63,3%) pacientes responderam ao questionário, das quais 58% consideraram o resultado bom, 35,8% satisfatório e 6,2% pobre. CONCLUSÕES: Este estudo demonstrou que essa combinação de técnicas proporciona bons resultados, com baixo índice de complicações.12/2012; 27(4):584-587. DOI:10.1590/S1983-51752012000400019
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