Feasibility of laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy in patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer.
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) for gastric cancer is not yet widespread because of the technical difficulty of reconstruction. We have performed LATG on 100 patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer. This study investigated the short-term outcomes of LATG. METHODS: Between September 2001 and September 2012, 100 patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer underwent LATG with D1 plus beta or D2 lymphadenectomy. Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy was performed intracorporeally using end-to-side anastomosis with a circular stapler (the purse-string suture method). The primary endpoint was the proportion of postoperative complications during hospitalization. RESULTS: Mean operation time was 249 min; mean blood loss was 182 ml. There were no conversions to open surgery. According to the Clavien-Dindo classification, there were 8 grade II (8 %) and 10 grade IIIa/b (10 %) complications. There were no treatment-related deaths or grade IV complications. The most frequent complication was anastomotic or stump leakage (6 %), followed by pancreatic fistula (5 %). Reoperations were required in two patients with leakage. CONCLUSIONS: The short-term outcomes of LATG in our study involving 100 patients were outlined. LATG for gastric cancer patients should be attempted preferably in a clinical trial setting by surgeons with sufficient experience in laparoscopic gastrectomy.
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ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) has been performed since 1999. Although surgical outcomes have been reported from Japan, Korea, China, and many Western countries, the effectiveness of this technique has not been conclusively established. This study therefore aimed to review the literature systematically. Our search of the research literature identified 150 studies, which were mostly retrospective and from single institutions. There has recently been a remarkable increase in the number of studies from Korea, and the number of patients included in studies has increased since 2009. In most studies, the surgical procedures were longer, blood loss was reduced, and the number of retrieved lymph nodes was the same in the LTG group as in the open total gastrectomy group. The incidence of postoperative complications and that of inflammation during postoperative recovery were the same in these two groups. During LTG, the method used for esophagojejunostomy is important for surgical reliability and to reduce postoperative complications. There has been rapid development of new techniques from the level of esophagojejunostomy through a small skin incision to the high level of intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy using various techniques. A nationwide prospective phase II study is urgently needed to establish the value of LTG.Gastric Cancer 02/2015; 18(2). DOI:10.1007/s10120-015-0474-3 · 4.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic procedures are increasingly being applied to gastric cancer surgery, including total gastrectomy for tumors located in the upper gastric body. Even for expert surgeons, esophagojejunostomy after laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) can be technically challenging. We perform the overlap method of esophagojejunostomy after LATG for gastric cancer. However, technical questions remain. Is the overlap method safer and more useful than other anastomosis techniques, such as methods using a circular stapler? In addition, while we perform this overlap reconstruction after LATG in a deep and narrow operative field, can the overlap method be performed safely regardless of body habitus? This study aimed to evaluate these issues retrospectively and to review the literature. From October 2005 to August 2013, we performed LATG with lymph-node dissection and Roux-en-Y reconstruction using the overlap method in 77 patients with gastric cancer. This study examined pre-, intra- and postoperative data. Mean operation time, time to perform anastomosis, and estimated blood loss were 391.4 min, 36.3 min, and 146.9 ml, respectively. There were no deaths, and morbidity rate was 13%, including one patient (1%) who developed anastomotic stenosis. Mean postoperative hospitalization was 13.4 days. Surgical outcomes did not differ significantly by body mass index. First, the overlap method for esophagojejunostomy after LATG is safe and useful. Second, this method can be performed irrespective of the body type of the patient. In particular, in a deep and narrow operative field, the overlap method is more versatile than other anastomosis methods. We believe that the overlap method can become a standard reconstruction technique for esophagojejunostomy after LATG.World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2014; 12(1):392. DOI:10.1186/1477-7819-12-392 · 1.20 Impact Factor
- Gastric Cancer 08/2013; 16(4). DOI:10.1007/s10120-013-0286-2 · 4.83 Impact Factor