Metabolic alterations in pregnant women: gestational diabetes.

Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM (Impact Factor: 0.71). 01/2012; 25(9-10):835-42. DOI: 10.1515/jpem-2012-0175
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Abstract Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and controversy are old friends. The impact of GDM on maternal and fetal health has been increasingly recognized. Nevertheless, universal consensus on the diagnostic methods and thresholds has long been lacking. Published guidelines from major societies differ significantly from one another, with recommendations ranging from aggressive screening to no routine screening at all. As a result, real-world practice is equally varied. This article recaps the latest evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and classification of GDM. It reviews the current evidence base for intensive multidisciplinary treatment of GDM and provides recommendations for postpartum management to delay and/or prevent progression to type 2 diabetes.