Effects of methylprednisolone on bone mineral density and microarchitecture of trabecular bones in rats with administration time and assessed by micro-computed tomography.
ABSTRACT Little research exists on the dynamic effects of glucocorticoids on bone mineral density (BMD) and microarchitecture of trabecular bones of rats assessed by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT).
To investigate time-related changes in the BMD and microarchitecture of trabeculae in rats exposed to glucocorticoid.
Female Sprague-Dawley rats were recruited into a baseline group, glucocorticoid-treated groups, or control groups. Glucocorticoid-treated rats were given daily subcutaneous injections of methylprednisolone at a dosage of 3.5 mg/kg for 1 or 9 weeks. A high-resolution micro-CT was used to identify the densitometric and microarchitectural properties of trabeculae in both the proximal metaphysis of tibiae and the sixth lumbar vertebrae (L6).
Compared with baseline rats, volumetric BMD, tissue BMD, bone volume fraction, trabecular number, and degree of anisotropy of trabeculae from tibiae or L6 increased in control rats and glucocorticoid-treated rats with time; however, changes in the latter group were smaller. Compared with control rats at each time point, a decrease occurred in volumetric BMD, tissue BMD, bone volume fraction, trabecular number, degree of anisotropy, and trabecular connectivity density in trabecular bones from tibiae or L6 in glucocorticoid-treated rats. The decrease was greater in week 9 compared to week 1. Contrarily, an increase was noted in trabecular thickness, trabecular separation, and structure model index in glucocorticoid-treated rats. A time-related analysis within glucocorticoid-treated groups in both skeletal regions showed a decline in bone volume fraction, trabecular connectivity density, trabecular number, and degree of anisotropy with time, but trabecular thickness and trabecular separation were elevated.
Methylprednisolone can inhibit bone mineralization and bone mass gain with growth in rats. It can also deteriorate microarchitecture of trabeculae in a time-dependent or an accumulative dose-dependent manner. Further, the remaining trabeculae appear to thicken in order to adapt to altered stress.
Article: Women with anorexia nervosa: finite element and trabecular structure analysis by using flat-panel volume CT.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To use finite element modeling based on flat-panel volume computed tomography (CT) and bone mineral density (BMD) provided by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to compare bone failure load, stiffness, and trabecular structure in women with anorexia nervosa (AN) and age-matched normal-weight control subjects. The study was approved by the institutional review board and complied with HIPAA guidelines. Informed consent was obtained. Fourteen women, eight with AN (mean age, 26.6 years) and six control subjects (mean age, 26.3 years), underwent flat-panel volume CT of the distal radius to determine apparent trabecular bone volume fraction (BV/TV), apparent trabecular number (TbN), apparent trabecular thickness (TbTh), and apparent trabecular separation (TbSp). Bone strength and stiffness were calculated from uniaxial compression tests by using finite element models created from flat-panel volume CT. DXA was used to determine BMD of the radius, lumbar spine, and hip. Means ± standard deviations of all variables were calculated for both groups and compared (Student t test). Univariate regression analysis and stepwise regression modeling were performed. Patients with AN had lower values for stiffness (284.77 kN/mm ± 76.14 vs 389.97 kN/mm ± 84.90, P = .04), failure load (4.98 kN ± 1.23 vs 7.01 kN ± 1.52, P = .02), BV/TV (0.32% ± 0.09 vs 0.44% ± 0.02, P = .007), and TbN (1.15 mm(-3) ± 0.20 vs 1.43 mm(-3) ± 0.13, P = .008) and higher values for TbSp (0.62 mm ± 0.20 vs 0.40 mm ± 0.04, P = .02) compared with normal-weight control subjects. TbTh was lower in women with AN (P = .1). BMD measurements were significantly lower for the AN group. BMD measurements and trabecular parameters (except TbTh) correlated with stiffness and failure load (r = 0.58 to 0.83). Failure load and stiffness are abnormal in women with AN compared with those in normal-weight control subjects and correlate with BMD and trabecular parameters.Radiology 10/2010; 257(1):167-74. · 5.73 Impact Factor