Time and Other: How Anthropology Makes Its Object

Publisher: Columbia University Press
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    • "Time became a trajectory against which to measure indigenous and other subaltern individuals and groups in terms of the degree to which they are out of sync, behind in development, anachronistic , and resistant to progress (Anderson, 2011). Linear Eurocentric notions of time were used to sort individuals into opposing categories such as intelligent/slow, lazy/ industrious, saved/unsaved, believer/heathen, developed/undeveloped, and civilized/ primitive; in the process, most of the world's people and their knowledge came to stand outside of history (Fabian, 2002). Tuhiwai Smith (2001) argues that colonizers justified their projects by portraying 'others' as having 'deficit models' of time. "
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, scholars have critiqued norms of neoliberal higher education (HE) by calling for embodied and anti-oppressive teaching and learning. Implicit in these accounts, but lacking elaboration, is a concern with reformulating the notion of ‘time’ and temporalities of academic life. Employing a coloniality perspective, this article argues that in order to reconnect our minds to our bodies and center embodied pedagogy in the classroom, we should disrupt Eurocentric notions of time that colonize our academic lives. I show how this entails slowing down and ‘being lazy’.
    Educational Philosophy and Theory 12/2015; 47(5):488-501. DOI:10.1080/00131857.2014.880645 · 0.32 Impact Factor
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    • "Another key difference illustrated by Bryman (2004) states that unlike objects of social sciences, which are human beings, investigative objects of the natural sciences cannot add meaning to their actions and settings (2004: 279). Also, unlike positivism, which postulates that the social world can be studied by applying the same methods of natural science (Ackroyd & Fleetwood, 2000), phenomenology dictates that in order to study adequately human beings, a simple experiment would not be enough, as human beings are objects that differ from one another (Fabian, 2014). "
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    DESCRIPTION: The paper starts with defining the term social phenomena and the differences that exist between social science and the natural science. Issues regarding the type of research method used for each are presented. This is followed by an explanation of the concept of language. The paper continues to discuss examples of research carried out by noted scientists and researchers in relation to the type of methods that are used. A comparison between the qualitative and quantitative method is illustrated, wherein the advantages and disadvantages of each are outlined. The issue of generalisation is also touched in the context of both methods. Finally, the methodological triangulation, which is a method of combining the qualitative and quantitative methods, is tackled, including its pitfalls, pros and cons, and its different theoretical approaches, namely ‘convergence’, ‘complimentarity’ and ‘dissonance’.
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    • "Increasingly, researchers from non-Western countries studying at Western institutions are doing anthropology at home, i.e. in their home countries. To an extent, this has changed the ways anthropologists have traditionally studied others and the way anthropology makes its " object " (Fabian 1983). When a researcher studies his or her own people, the definition of other may be negotiated. "
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, I discuss the fact that doing “anthropology at home” involves the same core anthropological methodology as undertaking research abroad. This implies that while doing anthropology at home may have some advantages concerning field practicalities but is equally challenging. There are certain ethical and methodological essentials involved in every anthropological research undertaking. Through my personal experiences of conducting ethnography in Pakistan, I explain that doing anthropology at home does not make exceptions for the researcher in terms of these ethical and methodological aspects.
    Anthropological Notebooks 07/2015; 21(1):121-132. · 0.14 Impact Factor
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