Article

Race and recurrence in women who undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. Electronic address: .
American journal of surgery (Impact Factor: 2.41). 02/2013; DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.01.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Black women can have worse outcomes than white women with breast cancer. We examined survival in black and white women who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: We identified 98 women with stage II or III breast cancer who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Women with inflammatory breast cancer, T4 disease, or metastases were excluded. Data were analyzed using the Fisher exact test and Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: From the cohort, 69 women were included. The median follow-up was 6.2 years. The estrogen receptor status was similar. White women tended to overexpress human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) (P = .091). The pretreatment T stage was T3. All women received similar neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The 5-year progression-free survival was better for white women compared with black women (78% vs 58%, P = .05). The 5-year overall survival was similar (P = .095). CONCLUSIONS: The pretreatment characteristics of women receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy were similar. Black women had a worse disease-free survival. The overall survival was the same.

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