Dataset

Freshwater prawn farming in India: Status, prospects

ABSTRACT Freshwater prawn farming in India developed in 1999 due to a sudden surge in demand in response to the de-cline in marine shrimp production caused by White Spot Syndrome Virus and the Supreme Court judgment on coastal regulation zones (CRZ). Freshwater aquaculture has not been included under the recently enacted CRZ Act and is largely free of the licensing requirements from the Aquaculture Authority of India that are other-wise obligatory for marine shrimp farming. Farming of the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachi-um rosenbergii or scampi in Indian trade, the most impor-tant species, has evolved from a traditional activity in the coastal provinces to a modern enterprise. About 60 other species support sizeable capture fisheries in different parts of the country, but their suitability for culture is un-known. Average annual productivity from farming activi-ties is 1.05 mt/ha – higher than the typical 0.92 mt/ha for marine shrimp farming, despite the lower total area under freshwater prawn culture.

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Jun 3, 2014