Article

Psicologia Social e Movimentos Sociais: Uma Revisão Contextualizada

Psicologia e Saber Social 01/2013; 1(2):163.

ABSTRACT Os novos movimentos sociais se expressam na forma de mobilizações conhecidas como ocupações e marchas, a fim de demarcar orientações ideológicas e/ou políticas. Marchas pelo direito das mulheres sobre os seus corpos (Marcha das Vadias), das trabalhadoras do campo (Marcha das Margaridas), da população negra (Marcha Zumbi), de lésbicas, gays, bissexuais, travestis e transexuais (Paradas do Orgulho LGBT), de grupos religiosos (Marcha para Jesus), pela liberalização do uso de drogas (Marcha da Maconha), são cada vez mais visíveis, e mais do que apenas configurar um quadro de movimentação massiva na defesa de ideologias, sistemas de crenças ou direitos, elas podem ser entendidas como fenômenos de cunho psicossocial que promovem o fortalecimento de identidades sociais degradadas e a reconstrução de grupos sociais historicamente discriminados. São ações coletivas, no espaço público das ruas, que mantêm uma relação dinâmica e conflituosa entre os grupos e a sociedade, reivindicando vida plena, nas ruas. A presente revisão de bibliografia visa apresentar olhares e métodos da Psicologia Social frente aos movimentos sociais, apresentando como pano de fundo para a análise contextualizada da aplicação desses saberes e modos de fazer, mobilizações com base nas dimensões de gênero, orientação sexual e raça/etnia realizadas no Brasil contemporâneo.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
115 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Resource mobilization theorists have nearly abandoned social-psychological analysis of social movements. In this paper a fresh case is made for social psychology. New insights in psychology are combined with resource mobilization theory in an attempt to overcome the weaknesses of traditional social-psychological approaches to social movements. Expectancy-value theory is applied to movement participation and mobilization. It is assumed that the willingness to participate in a social movement is a function of the perceived costs and benefits of participation. Collective and selective incentives are discussed. Expectations about the behavior of others are introduced as an important expansion of expectancy-value theory to make this framework applicable to movement participation. The theory is applied to mobilization campaigns of the labor movement, and empirically tested in a longitudinal study of a campaign during the 1979 collective negotiations in the Netherlands. Outcomes support the theory. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed
    American Sociological Review. 01/1997; 49(5):583-600.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Determinants of collective behavior, as suggested by the social identity or self-categorization approach and social movement research, were examined in 2 field studies. Study 1 was conducted in the context of the older people's movement in Germany and Study 2 in the context of the gay movement in the United States. Both studies yielded similar results pointing to 2 independent pathways to willingness to participate in collective action; one is based on cost-benefit calculations (including normative considerations), and the other is based on collective identification as an activist. Study 2 included an experimental manipulation and provided evidence for the causal role of collective identification as an activist. Directions for future research on the proposed dual-pathway model are suggested. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 02/1998; 74(3):646-658. · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We propose that in intergroup conflict threat content is important in understanding the reactions of those who experience threats the most: the powerless. Studies 1 and 2 show that powerless groups experience more threat than powerful groups, resulting in the experience of both more anger and fear. Threat content determines which emotions elicit behavior that adequately deals with the situation. When confronted with a physically threatening outgroup, fear elicits an avoidance reaction in powerless groups (Study 1). When valuable resources are threatened, anger makes powerless group members want to confront the outgroup, at least when they strongly identify with their group (Study 2). Study 3 replicates the finding that threat content determines which emotions are functional in directing behavior.
    Group Processes & Intergroup Relations 05/2011; 14(3):293-310. · 1.24 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
94 Downloads
Available from
May 20, 2014