Somnambulism: clinical aspects and pathophysiological hypotheses

Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada.
The Lancet Neurology (Impact Factor: 21.82). 03/2013; 12(3):285-94. DOI: 10.1016/S1474-4422(12)70322-8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Somnambulism, or sleepwalking, can give rise to a wide range of adverse consequences and is one of the leading causes of sleep-related injury. Accurate diagnosis is crucial for proper management and imperative in an ever-increasing number of medicolegal cases implicating sleep-related violence. Unfortunately, several widely held views of sleepwalking are characterised by key misconceptions, and some established diagnostic criteria are inconsistent with research findings. The traditional idea of somnambulism as a disorder of arousal might be too restrictive and a comprehensive view should include the idea of simultaneous interplay between states of sleep and wakefulness. Abnormal sleep physiology, state dissociation, and genetic factors might explain the pathophysiology of the disorder.

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Available from: Antonio Zadra, Jul 28, 2014
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