Seasonality in flares and months of births of patients with ulcerative colitis in a Chinese population

Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, China.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences (Impact Factor: 2.55). 05/2009; 54(5):1094-8. DOI: 10.1007/s10620-008-0453-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Reports on seasonality in flares or months of births of inflammatory bowel disease patients have been inconsistent, but little data are available in a Chinese population. The aim of this study was to determine whether symptom flares and births of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients follow a seasonal pattern.
Patients with a diagnosis of UC established between January 1990 and December 2007 were investigated according to the occurrence of flares of symptoms and months of births. The expected flares or births were calculated on a monthly basis over the study period, taking into consideration the difference in the number of days in the month in each year.
A total of 409 UC patients were included in the study, and 1030 flares of symptoms were determined. The peak number of flares occurred during the spring and summer, especially in June, while the nadir occurred in the winter, especially in January (chi(2) ((11 df))=32.74304, P<0.005). The symptom flares also occurred more frequently in the spring-summer period than in the autumn-winter period (chi(2) ((3 df))=22.1269, P<0.001). There was no statistical difference in birth distribution on a monthly or seasonal (spring, summer, autumn, winter) basis. However, the births of UC patients occurred more frequently in the autumn-winter period than in the spring-summer period when the data were merged into these two seasonal components (chi(2) ((1 df))=5.255607, P<0.025).
The data indicate that the symptom flares of UC occurred more frequently in the spring and summer, while the births of UC patients occurred more often in the autumn and winter. Environmental recurring factors may be associated with the symptom flares of UC, and these factors during pregnancy or postpartum may be associated with susceptibility to UC later in life.

Download full-text


Available from: Aiping Bai, Jan 13, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Photoperiodism is the ability of plants and animals to measure environmental day length to ascertain time of year. Central to the evolution of photoperiodism in animals is the adaptive distribution of energetically challenging activities across the year to optimize reproductive fitness while balancing the energetic tradeoffs necessary for seasonally-appropriate survival strategies. The ability to accurately predict future events requires endogenous mechanisms to permit physiological anticipation of annual conditions. Day length provides a virtually noise free environmental signal to monitor and accurately predict time of the year. In mammals, melatonin provides the hormonal signal transducing day length. Duration of pineal melatonin is inversely related to day length and its secretion drives enduring changes in many physiological systems, including the HPA, HPG, and brain-gut axes, the autonomic nervous system, and the immune system. Thus, melatonin is the fulcrum mediating redistribution of energetic investment among physiological processes to maximize fitness and survival.
    Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology 12/2010; 32(3):303-19. DOI:10.1016/j.yfrne.2010.12.003 · 7.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Environmental factors have been implicated in the etiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but evidence for the hygiene hypothesis is unclear. We investigated the relationship between early-life infection-related exposures and risk of IBD. A hospital-based case-control study was carried out. A total of 124 cases of Crohn's disease (CD) and 146 of ulcerative colitis (UC) were compared with 235 and 278 well-matched control subjects, respectively. A multi-item questionnaire on familial history of IBD, childhood circumstances and familial socioeconomic status was carried out. In a multivariate model, living in urban areas (odds ratio (OR) 4.58 (95% CI 2.17-10)), high educational level (OR 1.83 (95% CI 14-2.95)) and social status (OR 1.68 (95% CI 1.2-2.35)) were risk factors for CD, whereas childhood respiratory infections (OR 0.35 (95% CI 0.23-0.52)) and gastroenteritis (OR 0.55 (95% CI 0.36-0.85)) were protective factors. Living in urban areas (OR 4.6 (95% CI 2.29-9.9)), a high educational level (OR 10.3 (95% CI 2.54-42.1)) and social status (OR 2.042 (95% CI 1.31-3.17)) were also risk factors for UC, whereas respiratory infections (OR 0.42 (95% CI 0.29-0.6)) and gastroenteritis (OR: 0.6 (95% CI 0.42-0.86)) were protective factors. Appendectomy (OR 0.173 (95% CI 0.06-0.52)) and current smoking (OR 0.75 (95% CI 0.59-0.96)) were also protective for UC. These results further support the hypothesis that better living conditions during childhood are associated with an increased risk for IBD, and reinforce the negative association between smoking and appendectomy and the risk of UC.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2010; 45(12):1464-71. DOI:10.3109/00365521.2010.510575 · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tumor necrosis factor alpha receptor 3 interacting protein 1 (Traf3ip1), also known as MIPT3, was initially characterized through its interactions with tubulin, actin, TNFR-associated factor-3 (Traf3), IL-13R1, and DISC1. It functions as an inhibitor of IL-13-mediated phosphorylation of Stat6 and in sequestration of Traf3 and DISC1 to the cytoskeleton. Studies of the Traf3ip1 homologs in C. elegans (DYF-11), Zebrafish (elipsa), and Chlamydomonas (IFT54) revealed that the protein localizes to the cilium and is required for ciliogenesis. Similar localization data has now been reported for mammalian Traf3ip1. This raises the possibility that Traf3ip1 has an evolutionarily conserved role in mammalian ciliogenesis in addition to its previously indicated functions. To evaluate this possibility, a Traf3ip1 mutant mouse line was generated. Traf3ip1 mutant cells are unable to form cilia. Homozygous Traf3ip1 mutant mice are not viable and have both neural developmental defects and polydactyly, phenotypes typical of mouse mutants with ciliary assembly defects. Furthermore, in Traf3ip1 mutants the hedgehog pathway is disrupted, as evidenced by abnormal dorsal-ventral neural tube patterning and diminished expression of a hedgehog reporter. Analysis of the canonical Wnt pathway indicates that it was largely unaffected; however, specific domains in the pharyngeal arches have elevated levels of reporter activity. Interestingly, Traf3ip1 mutant embryos and cells failed to show alterations in IL-13 signaling, one of the pathways associated with its initial discovery. Novel phenotypes observed in Traf3ip1 mutant cells include elevated cytosolic levels of acetylated microtubules and a marked increase in cell size in culture. The enlarged Traf3ip1 mutant cell size was associated with elevated basal mTor pathway activity. Taken together, these data demonstrate that Traf3ip1 function is highly conserved in ciliogenesis and is important for proper regulation of a number of essential developmental and cellular pathways. The Traf3ip1 mutant mouse and cell lines will provide valuable resources to assess cilia function in mammalian development and also serve as a tool to explore the potential connections between cilia and cytoskeletal dynamics, mTor regulation, and cell volume control.
    Developmental Biology 09/2011; 360(1):66-76. DOI:10.1016/j.ydbio.2011.09.001 · 3.64 Impact Factor
Show more