Ezrin immunohistochemical expression in cartilaginous tumours: a useful tool for differential diagnosis between chondroblastic osteosarcoma and chondrosarcoma.
ABSTRACT Ezrin is a cytoskeleton linker protein that is actively involved in the metastatic process of cancer cells. We have recently reported that ezrin expression in conventional osteosarcoma was an independent prognostic factor for event-free survival and overall survival. In this work, ezrin expression was found in all histological subtypes. Especially cartilaginous areas in chondroblastic osteosarcomas were immunopositive for ezrin. We wanted to know if ezrin could be a useful diagnostic marker in bone pathology. We have searched for ezrin expression in 208 cartilaginous tumours by immunohistochemistry and in 16 chondroblastic osteosarcomas. All conventional chondrosarcomas, whatever their grade, were negative, while ten of 16 chondroblastic osteosarcomas were positive. In contrast, dedifferentiated (five of 14) and mesenchymal chondrosarcomas (five of ten) showed ezrin positivity. Some chondroblastomas and more rarely chondromyxoid fibromas also exhibited ezrin expression. These data suggest that ezrin is a useful immunohistochemical marker for differential diagnosis between chondroblastic osteosarcomas and conventional chondrosarcomas with a specificity of 100%. Ezrin expression in dedifferentiated and mesenchymal chondrosarcomas which are aggressive neoplasms resistant to conventional treatment means that ezrin could be a therapeutic target. Ezrin expression in chondroblastomas is more intriguing and requires further study to assess prognostic value.
SourceAvailable from: Darrell R Borger[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Distinguishing chondrosarcoma from chondroblastic osteosarcoma can be difficult and highly subjective, especially on a small biopsy specimen. This distinction is critical in determining the most accurate prognosis and appropriate treatment modality, as adjuvant chemotherapy with surgery is standard treatment for osteosarcoma, whereas chondrosarcoma is generally treated by surgical excision alone. Cartilaginous neoplasms have recently been shown to frequently (56%) harbor gene mutations in the metabolic enzymes isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and IDH2 (IDH1>IDH2), whereas other mesenchymal tumors lack these genetic aberrations. We investigated whether the presence of IDH1/2 mutations can be used to distinguish chondrosarcoma from chondroblastic osteosarcoma. Tumors including 25 predominantly high-grade chondrosarcomas and 65 osteosarcomas (44 chondroblastic osteosarcomas and 21 mixed osteosarcomas with a chondroblastic component) were evaluated, and a total of 59 cases (66%) were suitable for genotyping. Mutational analysis was performed using a multiplexed polymerase chain reaction genotyping platform to query for hotspot mutations in the genes IDH1 at codon R132. IDH1-negative cases underwent Sanger sequencing of IDH2 exon 4. No osteosarcomas (0/36) and 61% of chondrosarcomas (14/23) harbored a somatic mutation in IDH1/2, with the majority (86%) of mutations found in the IDH1 gene. IDH1/2 mutation analysis appears to be a promising biomarker for the distinction of chondrosarcoma from chondroblastic osteosarcoma. A positive result strongly favors the diagnosis of chondrosarcoma over chondroblastic osteosarcoma. The presence of IDH1/2 mutations can also help confirm the diagnosis of dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma when the tumor displays osteosarcomatous differentiation.The American journal of surgical pathology 04/2013; DOI:10.1097/PAS.0b013e31827ab703 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Chondroblastic osteosarcoma (COS), a subgroup of intramedullary osteosarcoma (OS), is the most common osteosarcoma that occurs in adolescents and early adulthood. The COS has similar clinical and radiological features to those of conventional OS. We present a case of 20-year-old male patient with the chief complaint of pain and swelling in the left zygomatic region. The computed tomography (CT) and three-dimensional (3D) CT face showed erosion, calcific foci, sunray type of spicules suggestive of OS. On fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) examination, initial diagnosis was malignant chondroid lesion, with differential diagnosis of mesenchymal chrondrosarcoma, COS on incisional biopsy and finally COS on excisional biopsy. The patient underwent radical resection of left zygomatic arch, followed by chemotherapy. Although clinically unsuspected in this unusual site, histopathology along with immunohistochemistry (IHC) results confirmed the COS. Because zygomatic location of COS is very rare, this report aimed to discuss clinical, radiographic, histopathologic, IHC findings and diagnostic pitfalls of COS in light of the literature.Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology 05/2014; 18(2):281-5. DOI:10.4103/0973-029X.140791
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ABSTRACT: Background Mandibular osteosarcomas (MOS) mostly affect young adults. Their treatment is extrapolated from that of extragnathic osteosarcomas.Material and methodsA retrospective multicooperative group study was conducted to determine the impact of chemotherapy, adjuvant radiation therapy and surgery on outcomes and to identify prognostic factors. This ethical committee-approved study included a centralized review of histology slides and operative reports.ResultsOf 111 patients, 58.6% were male, median age 35 years (13%, ≤18 years). Histology was osteoblastic, chondroblastic, fibroblastic, conventional not otherwise specified and others in 39.6%, 30.6%, 8.1%, 12.6% and 8.0%, respectively. Pathological World Health Organisation grades were low, intermediate and high grade in 6.4%, 11.8% and 81.8%, respectively. Surgery was carried out for 94.5% of patients. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (mixed protocols) was carried out in 93.1% of patients. Postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy were carried out in 54.7% and 23.8%, respectively. Median follow-up was 59.6 months (range). Five-year local control, metastasis-free, disease-free and overall survival rates were 64.6%, 68.9%, 53.2% and 69.2%, respectively. Survival was significantly associated with age, tumor size and surgery. Wide surgery with clear margins and free flap reconstruction was the strongest prognostic factor. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy improved disease-free and metastatic-free survival and increased clear margins rates from 50% to 68%. Intermediate grades behaved like high grades in terms of metastatic-free and disease-free survival.Conclusion This homogeneous series is the largest to date and emphasizes the major impact of clear margins and multidisciplinary management. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy improves disease-free survival and should be recommended for both high and intermediate grade MOS.Annals of Oncology 11/2012; 24(3). DOI:10.1093/annonc/mds507 · 6.58 Impact Factor